Research Highlights: Bacterial Protein Makes “Zombie” Plant. Obligate parasite is an organism that completes its life cycle by exploiting a suitable host. Some obligate parasites induce significant observable changes in their hosts which allows the parasites to be transmitted easily to other trophic levels. However, the mechanisms underlying these changes are not well understood…read more
Vitamin B12 May Alleviate Parkinson’s Disease. Cobalamin, also known as Vitamin B12, is a water-soluble vitamin associated with metabolism. Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the normal functioning of the nervous system. Myelin works as an insulator of nerve cell axon to increase the rate of electrical impulses. Severe vitamin B12 deficiencies have been associated to damage of learning and memory ability, cognitive decline, and neurological diseases….read more

Therapeutic Drug Accumulation in Gut Bacteria May Explain Individual Differences in Drug Response. The availability and efficacy of therapeutic drugs can be regulated by gut bacteria. However, the systemic mapping of the drug-bacteria interactions has only started recently. The primary underlying mechanism suggested is that microorganisms chemically transform drugs in the process called biotransformation…read more
The Teamwork of Neutrophil and Macrophage to Kill Bacterial Pathogens. Staphylococcus aureus is a common Gram-positive round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes. S. aureus is usually part of the human body’s microbiome however, it causes a wide range of illnesses which includes skin infections, food poisoning, and bone/joint infections….read more

Massive New Species from Cambrian Period Discovered in Canada. Radiodonts are arthropods that existed worldwide during the Cambrian period. Radiodonts are known by their distinctive frontal appendages which are structurally diverse and used for many functions. Radiodonts were among the largest and most diversified lower palaeozoic predators.Lower Palaeozoic includes three geological systems: the Cambrian….read more


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