Latest Posts from Chromoscience
- Deep Sea Elvis Worms: New Species with Glittery LooksDeep Sea Elvis Worms: New Species with Glittery Looks April 4, 2021 Polynoidae is a family of worms found in saltwater, and they are known as scale worms.The family Polynoidae has five branchiate genera namely Branchipolynoe, Branchinotogluma, Branchiplicatus, Peinaleopolynoe, and Thermopolynoe.All of the genera are native to deep-sea, chemosynthetic-based habitat.Branchiate organisms are animals furnished with gills.Chemosynthetic habitat is an environment where … Continue reading Deep Sea Elvis Worms: New Species with Glittery Looks
- Research Highlights: Gene for Survival and Colonization of Commensal Streptococcus in Urinary TractGene for Survival and Colonization of Commensal Streptococcus in Urinary Tract In bacteria, the gene guaA encodes guanosine monophosphate synthetase. Guanosine monophosphate synthetase facilitates the production of guanine nucleotides. Guanine is one of the four main nucleobases found in DNA or RNA. The encoding of guanosine monophosphate synthetase allows bacteria to colonize many different environments. The gene guaA is widely distributed … Continue reading Research Highlights: Gene for Survival and Colonization of Commensal Streptococcus in Urinary Tract
- Research Highlights: New Species of Peacock Spider Discovered in AustraliaNew Species of Peacock Spider Discovered in Australia April 4, 2021 Maratus or commonly known as peacock spider belongs to the family Salticidae or jumping spider. The male peacock spider is known to have colorful abdomen which is enhanced with lateral flaps during courtship. Joseph Schubert of Murdoch University in Australia discovered a new species of peacock spider. His work was … Continue reading Research Highlights: New Species of Peacock Spider Discovered in Australia
- Research Highlights: Genes for Normal Cell Division Identified in a Minimal CellGenes for Normal Cell Division Identified in a Minimal Cell Cell division is the process by which a cell splits into two or more cells. In bacteria, cell division can be called binary fission which is the primary method for reproduction. James F. Pelletier of Massachusetts Institute of Technology and his team revealed the genetic requirement for cell division in a … Continue reading Research Highlights: Genes for Normal Cell Division Identified in a Minimal Cell
- Contraction of Smooth MuscleContraction of Smooth Muscle Smooth muscle tissue can be found in the walls of many organs. Smooth muscle tissue does not have striated banding pattern found in skeletal and cardiac muscle. The autonomic nervous system, hormones, and chemical signals can trigger the smooth muscle to contract. Cross bridging of actin and myosin is used to create force with the calcium ion … Continue reading Contraction of Smooth Muscle
- Research Highlights: Master Regulatory Proteins of the Liver Play a Role in HBV InfectionMaster Regulatory Proteins of the Liver Play a Role in HBV Infection Chronic hepatitis B virus or HBV is a DNA virus in the genus Orthohepadnavirus and causes the disease hepatitis B. HBV also causes cancer that does not have curative treatments. HBV infection is a worldwide health issue and causes more than 800,000 deaths per year. HBV uses the receptor … Continue reading Research Highlights: Master Regulatory Proteins of the Liver Play a Role in HBV Infection
- Research Highlights: Mechanism Behind the Higher Affinity of ACE2 to SARS-CoV-2 Compared with SARS-CoV-1Mechanism Behind the Higher Affinity of ACE2 to SARS-CoV-2 Compared with SARS-CoV-1 The COVID-19 virus led a devastating impact around the world. The COVID-19 virus uses the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of its spike protein to interact with the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) of human cells. The COVID-19 virus enters a host cell following the interaction of RBD and ACE2. Studies have … Continue reading Research Highlights: Mechanism Behind the Higher Affinity of ACE2 to SARS-CoV-2 Compared with SARS-CoV-1
- Rare Disease: Aquagenic urticariaRare Disease: Aquagenic urticaria Aquagenic urticaria is a rare disease in which hives develop when skin comes in contact with water. The disease mostly affects women and symptoms develop at the start of puberty. Currently, the exact cause is unknown. Symptoms include small, red or skin-colored welts with defined edges usually found on the neck, upper trunk, and arms. The disease … Continue reading Rare Disease: Aquagenic urticaria
- Image: Venomous Blue Ringed Octopus. Credit: Torsten Velden / Getty Images
- Image: Newly Discovered Chameleon Species: Trioceros wolfgangboehmeiMarch 26, 2021 Image of a new chameleon species discovered in Ethiopia.
- Research Highlights: Butyrate Produced by Gut Microbiome Can Improve Antitumor Responses of T CellsButyrate Produced by Gut Microbiome Can Improve Antitumor Responses of T Cells Studies have shown that gut microbiota can regulate tumor responsiveness to chemotherapy or immunotherapy. However, the mechanism of this regulation is not clear. Researchers found that metabolites from gut microbiota can increase the effectiveness of oxaliplatin by regulating CD8+ T cell function in the tumor microenvironment. Oxaliplatin is a … Continue reading Research Highlights: Butyrate Produced by Gut Microbiome Can Improve Antitumor Responses of T Cells
- Research Highlights: SARS-CoV-2 Variant More Difficult to be Killed by Immune Responses from Natural Infection or VaccinationResearch Highlights: SARS-CoV-2 Variant More Difficult to be Killed by Immune Responses from Natural Infection or Vaccination The COVID-19 virus has caused more than 2 million deaths just over a year. Vaccines are being introduced to produce immune responses against the virus. The process of viral replication is prone to nucleic acid errors which can lead to mutant viruses and escape … Continue reading Research Highlights: SARS-CoV-2 Variant More Difficult to be Killed by Immune Responses from Natural Infection or Vaccination
- Research Highlights: High Body Mass Index and Weight Gain Linked to Reduced Penile LengthHigh Body Mass Index and Weight Gain Linked to Reduced Penile Length Researchers assessed the erected and non-erected penis size in Italian men. Number of individuals: 4685 Italian men Time range: January 2019 to January 2000 Erect lengths and circumferences were measured in both erected and non-erected states. They measured from the lower base to the distal penile tip. Mean non-erected … Continue reading Research Highlights: High Body Mass Index and Weight Gain Linked to Reduced Penile Length
- Research Highlights: Living Human Seems To Have Missing CerebellumLiving Human Found To Have Missing Cerebellum The cerebellum is responsible for many motor functions. Cerebellar agenesis is a condition in which the cerebellum is completely missing. There is a lack of information regarding the development of the disease. A 24-year-old female patient was admitted to a hospital due to dizziness and walking problems for more than 20 years. The patient … Continue reading Research Highlights: Living Human Seems To Have Missing Cerebellum
- This moth looks like it came from a military. It is called army green moth or Daphnis nerii. Image: Shantanu Kuveskar
- Image: Velvet Purple Coronet
Image Credit: Ben Tavener
- Research Highlights: Excessive Exercise Linked to Mitochondrial Functional Impairment and Reduction of Glucose ToleranceExcessive Exercise Linked to Mitochondrial Functional Impairment and Reduction of Glucose Tolerance Exercise can have a positive effect on metabolic health. Exercise can increase mitochondrial oxidative capacity and improve regulation of glucose. Exercise is initially encouraged to treat a number of metabolic diseases. However, the association between therapeutic benefits and excessive exercise has not been clear. Researchers used training model with … Continue reading Research Highlights: Excessive Exercise Linked to Mitochondrial Functional Impairment and Reduction of Glucose Tolerance
- Image: Tacca Chantrieri or Black Bat Flower. Credits: Geoff Mckay from Palmerston North, New Zealand
- Image: Fruitfly (Drosophila Melanogaster) Testis. Fairchild, M.J., Yang, L., Goodwin, K., Tanentzapf, G.
Occluding junctions maintain stem cell niche homeostasis in the fly testis.
Current Biology, 26(18):2492–2499 (2016).
- Image: Baby Tardigrade. Image credit: Vladimir Gross
- Image: Rainbow Snake (Farancia erytrogramma)
Image: Charles Baker