Latest Posts from Chromoscience
- The Electrolysis of Waterby ChromoscienceThe Electrolysis of Water (OpenStax Chemistry 2e) Water may be electrolytically decomposed in a cell similar to the one illustrated in Figure 1. To improve electrical conductivity without introducing a different redox species, the hydrogen ion concentration of the water is typically increased by addition of a strong acid. The redox processes associated with this cell are Related Research Research Article: Synergistic … Continue reading The Electrolysis of Water
- Research Highlights: Women Who Breastfed May Have Better Mental Health At The Age of 50by StaffWomen Who Breastfed May Have Better Mental Health At The Age of 50 October 23, 2021 Breastfeeding may give long-term health benefits to women in addition to the known benefits on the child. Breastfeeding can also influence mental health. However, breastfeeding has been diminishing after the industrial era; thus, it is important to understand the effects of breastfeeding on our lifespan. … Continue reading Research Highlights: Women Who Breastfed May Have Better Mental Health At The Age of 50
- Research Highlights: Gut Bacteria Promote Therapy Resistant Prostate Cancerby StaffGut Bacteria Promote Therapy Resistant Prostate Cancer October 11, 2021 Androgens such as testosterone are important for male sexual and reproductive function. Androgens play a role in the growth of prostate cancer cells. Decreasing androgens by means of castration or hormone suppression is the current treatment for prostate cancer. Castration refers to the process of removing the testicles in males. The … Continue reading Research Highlights: Gut Bacteria Promote Therapy Resistant Prostate Cancer
- Research Highlights: Plant’s Glowing Properties Produce Stunning Images of Microscopic Structuresby StaffPlant’s Glowing Properties Produce Stunning Images of Microscopic Structures October 3, 2021 Microscopic staining has been used to enhance the visualization of samples at the microscopic level. Before viewing samples under a microscope, cells and tissues must be stained which requires long preparation processes. Another way to improve cellular visualization is by utilizing fluorescence tagging. A fluorescence tag is a molecule … Continue reading Research Highlights: Plant’s Glowing Properties Produce Stunning Images of Microscopic Structures
- Image: A new species of marsupial frog has been discovered in Peruvian Amazon. It belongs to the genus of tailless frogs. The new species have thick granular skin on the back, a turquoise iris and a spotless belly.by StaffA new species of marsupial frog has been discovered in Peruvian Amazon. It belongs to the genus of tailless frogs. The new species have thick granular skin on the back, a turquoise iris and a spotless belly. Source: https://phys.org/news/2021-04-species-frog-unearthed-peruvian-amazon.html
- Hoh Forest Olympic National Parkby Staff
- Research Highlights: A Roundworm May Help Us Explain How We Perceive Gravityby StaffA Roundworm May Help Us Explain How We Perceive Gravity October 1, 2021 Humans depend on gravity to determine orientation and maintain balance. Gravity is important for life to exist on Earth. However, the effect of gravity at the molecular level is poorly understood. Among animals, anatomical differences are clearly evident but there is notable conservation across different animals at the … Continue reading Research Highlights: A Roundworm May Help Us Explain How We Perceive Gravity
- What is Schemata?by ChromoscienceWhat is Schemata? (OpenStax Psychology 2e) A schema is a mental construct consisting of a cluster or collection of related concepts (Bartlett, 1932). There are many different types of schemata, and they all have one thing in common: schemata are a method of organizing information that allows the brain to work more efficiently. When a schema is activated, the brain makes immediate assumptions … Continue reading What is Schemata?
- Isolation of Ironby ChromoscienceIsolation of Iron (Openstax Chemistry 2e) The early application of iron to the manufacture of tools and weapons was possible because of the wide distribution of iron ores and the ease with which iron compounds in the ores could be reduced by carbon. For a long time, charcoal was the form of carbon used in the reduction process. The production and … Continue reading Isolation of Iron
- What is Carbon?by ChromoscienceWhat is Carbon? (Openstax Chemistry 2e) Carbon occurs in the uncombined (elemental) state in many forms, such as diamond, graphite, charcoal, coke, carbon black, graphene, and fullerene. Diamond, shown in Figure 1, is a very hard crystalline material that is colorless and transparent when pure. Each atom forms four single bonds to four other atoms at the corners of a tetrahedron (sp3 hybridization); … Continue reading What is Carbon?
- What Are Fuel Cells?by ChromoscienceWhat are fuel cells? (OpenStax Chemistry 2e) A fuel cell is a galvanic cell that uses traditional combustive fuels, most often hydrogen or methane, that are continuously fed into the cell along with an oxidant. (An alternative, but not very popular, name for a fuel cell is a flow battery.) Within the cell, fuel and oxidant undergo the same redox chemistry as when they … Continue reading What Are Fuel Cells?
- Research Highlights: Bacterial Protein Makes “Zombie” Plantby StaffBacterial Protein Makes “Zombie” Plant September 18, 2021 Obligate parasite is an organism that completes its life-cycle by exploiting a suitable host. Some obligate parasites induce significant observable changes in their hosts which allows the parasites to be transmitted easily to other trophic levels. However, the mechanisms underlying these changes are not well understood. Researchers demonstrated how SAP05 protein effectors from … Continue reading Research Highlights: Bacterial Protein Makes “Zombie” Plant
- Research Highlights: Vitamin B12 May Alleviate Parkinson’s Diseaseby StaffVitamin B12 May Alleviate Parkinson’s Disease September 14, 2021 Cobalamin, also known as Vitamin B12, is a water-soluble vitamin associated with metabolism. Vitamin B12 plays an important role in the normal functioning of the nervous system. Myelin works as an insulator of nerve cell axon to increase the rate of electrical impulses. Severe vitamin B12 deficiencies have been associated to damage … Continue reading Research Highlights: Vitamin B12 May Alleviate Parkinson’s Disease
- Research Highlights: Therapeutic Drug Accumulation in Gut Bacteria May Explain Individual Differences in Drug Responseby StaffTherapeutic Drug Accumulation in Gut Bacteria May Explain Individual Differences in Drug Response September 12, 2021 The availability and efficacy of therapeutic drugs can be regulated by gut bacteria. However, the systemic mapping of the drug-bacteria interactions has only started recently. The primary underlying mechanism suggested is that microorganisms chemically transform drugs in the process called biotransformation. Researchers investigated the reduction … Continue reading Research Highlights: Therapeutic Drug Accumulation in Gut Bacteria May Explain Individual Differences in Drug Response
- Biological Rhythmsby ChromoscienceBiological Rhythms (OpenStax Psychology 2e) Biological rhythms are internal rhythms of biological activity. A woman’s menstrual cycle is an example of a biological rhythm—a recurring, cyclical pattern of bodily changes. One complete menstrual cycle takes about 28 days—a lunar month—but many biological cycles are much shorter. For example, body temperature fluctuates cyclically over a 24-hour period (Figure 1). Alertness is associated with … Continue reading Biological Rhythms
- What is a Stimulant?by ChromoscienceWhat is a Stimulant? (OpenStax Psychology 2e) Stimulants are drugs that tend to increase overall levels of neural activity. Many of these drugs act as agonists of the dopamine neurotransmitter system. Dopamine activity is often associated with reward and craving; therefore, drugs that affect dopamine neurotransmission often have abuse liability. Drugs in this category include cocaine, amphetamines (including methamphetamine), cathinones (i.e., bath … Continue reading What is a Stimulant?
- Research Highlights: The Teamwork of Neutrophil and Macrophage to Kill Bacterial Pathogensby StaffThe Teamwork of Neutrophil and Macrophage to Kill Bacterial Pathogens September 11, 2021 Staphylococcus aureus is a common Gram-positive round-shaped bacterium that is a member of the Firmicutes. S. aureus is usually part of the human body’s microbiome however, it causes a wide range of illnesses which includes skin infections, food poisoning, and bone/joint infections. S. aureus is the primary cause of … Continue reading Research Highlights: The Teamwork of Neutrophil and Macrophage to Kill Bacterial Pathogens
- Pain Perceptionby ChromosciencePain Perception (OpenStax Psychology 2e) Pain is an unpleasant experience that involves both physical and psychological components. Feeling pain is quite adaptive because it makes us aware of an injury, and it motivates us to remove ourselves from the cause of that injury. In addition, pain also makes us less likely to suffer additional injury because we will be gentler with … Continue reading Pain Perception
- High Intelligence: Nature or Nurture?by ChromoscienceHigh Intelligence: Nature or Nurture? (OpenStax Psychology 2e) Where does high intelligence come from? Some researchers believe that intelligence is a trait inherited from a person’s parents. Scientists who research this topic typically use twin studies to determine the heritability of intelligence. The Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart is one of the most well-known twin studies. In this investigation, researchers found that … Continue reading High Intelligence: Nature or Nurture?
- Death and Dyingby ChromoscienceDeath and Dying (OpenStax Psychology 2e) Every story has an ending. Death marks the end of your life story (Figure 1). Our culture and individual backgrounds influence how we view death. In some cultures, death is accepted as a natural part of life and is embraced. In contrast, until about 50 years ago in the United States, a doctor might not … Continue reading Death and Dying
- Research Highlights: Massive New Species from Cambrian Period Discovered in Canadaby StaffResearch Highlights: Massive New Species from Cambrian Period Discovered in Canada September 10, 2021 Radiodonts are arthropods that existed worldwide during the Cambrian period. Radiodonts are known by their distinctive frontal appendages which are structurally diverse and used for many functions. Radiodonts were among the largest and most diversified lower palaeozoic predators. Lower Palaeozoic includes three geological systems: the Cambrian (541.0 … Continue reading Research Highlights: Massive New Species from Cambrian Period Discovered in Canada