The Role of Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

ADH is produced in the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary gland. It causes the kidneys to retain water, constricts arterioles in the peripheral circulation, and affects some social behaviors in mammals. Source: OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology Antidiuretic hormone (ADH), also known as vasopressin, controls the amount of water reabsorbed … Continue reading The Role of Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)

Regulation of Water Output in Our Body

Source: https://www.webmd.com/urinary-incontinence-oab/ss/slideshow-why-it-hurts-to-pee OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology Water loss from the body occurs predominantly through the renal system. A person produces an average of 1.5 liters (1.6 quarts) of urine per day. Although the volume of urine varies in response to hydration levels, there is a minimum volume of urine production required for proper bodily functions. … Continue reading Regulation of Water Output in Our Body

The Regulation of Water Intake in Our Body

The thirst response begins when osmoreceptors detect a decrease in water levels in the blood. Source: OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology Osmolality is the ratio of solutes in a solution to a volume of solvent in a solution. Plasma osmolality is thus the ratio of solutes to water in blood plasma. A … Continue reading The Regulation of Water Intake in Our Body

Stem Cells and Repair of Kidney Damage

Source: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/diabetes/overview/preventing-problems/diabetic-kidney-disease OpenStax Anatomy and Physiology Stem cells are unspecialized cells that can reproduce themselves via cell division, sometimes after years of inactivity. Under certain conditions, they may differentiate into tissue-specific or organ-specific cells with special functions. In some cases, stem cells may continually divide to produce a mature cell and to replace themselves. Stem … Continue reading Stem Cells and Repair of Kidney Damage