Quick Facts: Arctic Tundra

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By Hannes Grobe, AWI – Own work, CC BY-SA 2.5, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=2978170
  • Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere, encircling the north pole and extending south to the coniferous forests of the taiga.
  • Arctic tundra contains areas of stark landscape and is frozen for much of the year.
  • Arctic tundra average temperature is -30 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 to -6 degrees Celsius).
  • Arctic tundra is found across northern Alaska, Canada, and Siberia.
  • Arctic tundra has low precipitation (less than 10 inches per year) and dry winds.
  • Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturia, meaning “treeless plain”; it is the coldest of the biomes.
  • Arctic tundra is stark and treeless, and roots can’t penetrate the frozen soil, so only moss, lichen, and low shrubs can grow there.
  • Tundra covers about one fifth of the land on earth.









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