- Arctic tundra is located in the northern hemisphere, encircling the north pole and extending south to the coniferous forests of the taiga.
- Arctic tundra contains areas of stark landscape and is frozen for much of the year.
- Arctic tundra average temperature is -30 to 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-34 to -6 degrees Celsius).
- Arctic tundra is found across northern Alaska, Canada, and Siberia.
- Arctic tundra has low precipitation (less than 10 inches per year) and dry winds.
- Tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturia, meaning “treeless plain”; it is the coldest of the biomes.
- Arctic tundra is stark and treeless, and roots can’t penetrate the frozen soil, so only moss, lichen, and low shrubs can grow there.
- Tundra covers about one fifth of the land on earth.
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