Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations

Figure 1 The reaction between methane and oxygen to yield carbon dioxide and water (shown at bottom) may be represented by a chemical equation using formulas (top). Source: OpenStax Chemistry 2e Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations (OpenStax Chemistry 2e) Writing Equations When atoms gain or lose electrons to yield ions, or combine with other atoms … Continue reading Writing and Balancing Chemical Equations

Parts per Million and Parts per Billion

(a) In some areas, trace-level concentrations of contaminants can render unfiltered tap water unsafe for drinking and cooking. (b) Inline water filters reduce the concentration of solutes in tap water. (credit a: modification of work by Jenn Durfey; credit b: modification of work by “vastateparkstaff”/Wikimedia commons) Parts per Million and Parts per Billion (OpenStax Chemistry … Continue reading Parts per Million and Parts per Billion

Evolution of Behavior: Introduction and Mechanism

Evolution of Behavior (By: Benison P. Zerrudo) Introduction to Behavior Behavior is the way an organism acts according to a particular situation or stimulus and it plays a role in survival, health, and physical well-being. Some behaviors are instinctive, while other are conscious driven. Organism behaves as a result from an interaction between genetic processes … Continue reading Evolution of Behavior: Introduction and Mechanism

Research Highlights: Males Infected with COVID-19 Virus Face Higher Chances of Both Intensive Therapy Unit Admission and Death

Image Source: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19741-6 Research Highlights: Males Infected with COVID-19 Virus Face Higher Chances of Both Intensive Therapy Unit Admission and Death Original Article: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19741-6 COVID-19 is an on-going worldwide pandemic. COVID-19 is caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2. In this pandemic, reports about males being vulnerable to severe disease have been … Continue reading Research Highlights: Males Infected with COVID-19 Virus Face Higher Chances of Both Intensive Therapy Unit Admission and Death

Research Highlights: Inhibition of Prostaglandin-Degrading Enzyme Improves Aged Muscle Mass, Strength, and Performance

Image Source: https://www.mdpi.com/2411-5142/2/4/40 Original Article: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abc8059 Sarcopenia is a condition characterized by age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. Currently, sarcopenia treatments are lacking. Increase in enzyme that degrades prostaglandin is a hallmark of old tissues including skeletal muscle. The reduction of prostaglandin signaling is the main contributor to the reduction of muscle mass … Continue reading Research Highlights: Inhibition of Prostaglandin-Degrading Enzyme Improves Aged Muscle Mass, Strength, and Performance

Research Highlights: How Changes to Intestinal Bacteria Affect Depressive-Like Behavior in Mice?

Related Posts Image Credit: Darryl Leja, NHGRI Original Article: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19931-2 Depression is a mental disorder that causes a constant feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Recent studies show that mood disorders are associated with the changes of the intestinal bacteria. Mice were exposed to mild stressors … Continue reading Research Highlights: How Changes to Intestinal Bacteria Affect Depressive-Like Behavior in Mice?

Research Highlights: Evidence Shows Fecal Microbiota Transplantation is an Effective Treatment for C. Diff Infection

Image Source: https://gastro.org/practice-guidance/gi-patient-center/topic/fecal-microbiota-transplantation-fmt/ Original Article: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2020.100642 Fecal microbiota transplantation is when stool from a healthy donor is transferred into the colon of a sick person to introduce good bacteria. Fecal microbiota transplantation is effective for recurrent Clostridioides difficile infection. However, inconsistent effect rates and uncertain evidence levels have caused concerns. Clostridioides difficile infection occurs when … Continue reading Research Highlights: Evidence Shows Fecal Microbiota Transplantation is an Effective Treatment for C. Diff Infection

Research Highlights: Plastic Found in Human Placenta

Image Source: https://magazine.columbia.edu/article/plastic-plastic-everywhere Original Source: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106274 Microplastics are small particles which came from the degradation of plastic objects present in the environment. Microplastics can travel from the environment to living organisms including humans. Italian researchers analyzed six human placentas to evaluate the presence of microplastics. Twelve microplastic fragments ranging from 5 to 10 micrometers were … Continue reading Research Highlights: Plastic Found in Human Placenta