Research Article: Brain Morphology in Children with Epilepsy and ADHD

Date Published: April 23, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ricardo Saute, Kevin Dabbs, Jana E. Jones, Daren C. Jackson, Michael Seidenberg, Bruce P. Hermann, Yoko Hoshi. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0095269 Abstract Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common comorbidity of childhood epilepsy, but the neuroanatomical correlates of ADHD in epilepsy have yet to be comprehensively … Continue reading Research Article: Brain Morphology in Children with Epilepsy and ADHD

Research Article: Brain Entropy Mapping Using fMRI

Date Published: March 21, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ze Wang, Yin Li, Anna Rose Childress, John A. Detre, Satoru Hayasaka. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089948 Abstract Entropy is an important trait for life as well as the human brain. Characterizing brain entropy (BEN) may provide an informative tool to assess brain states and brain functions. Yet … Continue reading Research Article: Brain Entropy Mapping Using fMRI

Research Article: Brain Transcriptional and Epigenetic Associations with Autism

Date Published: September 12, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Matthew R. Ginsberg, Robert A. Rubin, Tatiana Falcone, Angela H. Ting, Marvin R. Natowicz, Nicoletta Landsberger. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0044736 Abstract Autism is a common neurodevelopmental syndrome. Numerous rare genetic etiologies are reported; most cases are idiopathic. To uncover important gene dysregulation in autism we analyzed carefully selected … Continue reading Research Article: Brain Transcriptional and Epigenetic Associations with Autism

Research Article: Brain Networks of Explicit and Implicit Learning

Date Published: August 31, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jing Yang, Ping Li, Xi-Nian Zuo. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0042993 Abstract Are explicit versus implicit learning mechanisms reflected in the brain as distinct neural structures, as previous research indicates, or are they distinguished by brain networks that involve overlapping systems with differential connectivity? In this functional MRI study … Continue reading Research Article: Brain Networks of Explicit and Implicit Learning

Research Article: Brain Morphological Signatures for Chronic Pain

Date Published: October 13, 2011 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Marwan N. Baliki, Thomas J. Schnitzer, William R. Bauer, A. Vania Apkarian, Raul M. Luque. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0026010 Abstract: Chronic pain can be understood not only as an altered functional state, but also as a consequence of neuronal plasticity. Here we use in vivo structural MRI to … Continue reading Research Article: Brain Morphological Signatures for Chronic Pain

Research Article: Brain Networks for Integrative Rhythm Formation

Date Published: May 28, 2008 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Michael H. Thaut, Martina Demartin, Jerome N. Sanes, Chris Miall. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0002312 Abstract: Performance of externally paced rhythmic movements requires brain and behavioral integration of sensory stimuli with motor commands. The underlying brain mechanisms to elaborate beat-synchronized rhythm and polyrhythms that musicians readily perform may differ. … Continue reading Research Article: Brain Networks for Integrative Rhythm Formation

Research Article: Brain and Behavior in Decision-Making

Date Published: July 3, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Peter Cassey, Andrew Heathcote, Scott D. Brown, Olaf Sporns Abstract: Speed-accuracy tradeoff (SAT) is an adaptive process balancing urgency and caution when making decisions. Computational cognitive theories, known as “evidence accumulation models”, have explained SATs via a manipulation of the amount of evidence necessary … Continue reading Research Article: Brain and Behavior in Decision-Making

Research Article: Brain Anatomical Network and Intelligence

Date Published: May 29, 2009 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Yonghui Li, Yong Liu, Jun Li, Wen Qin, Kuncheng Li, Chunshui Yu, Tianzi Jiang, Olaf Sporns Abstract: Intuitively, higher intelligence might be assumed to correspond to more efficient information transfer in the brain, but no direct evidence has been reported from the perspective of … Continue reading Research Article: Brain Anatomical Network and Intelligence