Research Article: Intestinal Bacteria Composition and Translocation of Bacteria in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Date Published: January 18, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Spyros Vrakas, Konstantinos C. Mountzouris, George Michalopoulos, George Karamanolis, George Papatheodoridis, Charalampos Tzathas, Maria Gazouli, Leonardo A. Sechi. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0170034 Abstract Live commensal intestinal bacteria are present in the peripheral blood where they can induce inflammation. To evaluate the intestinal bacteria composition and translocation of … Continue reading Research Article: Intestinal Bacteria Composition and Translocation of Bacteria in Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Research Article: Ancient bacteria–amoeba relationships and pathogenic animal bacteria

Date Published: May 2, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Joan E. Strassmann, Longfei Shu Abstract: Long before bacteria infected humans, they infected amoebas, which remain a potentially important reservoir for human disease. Diverse soil amoebas including Dictyostelium and Acanthamoeba can host intracellular bacteria. Though the internal environment of free-living amoebas is similar in … Continue reading Research Article: Ancient bacteria–amoeba relationships and pathogenic animal bacteria

Research Article: Oral Bacteria and Cancer

Date Published: March 27, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Sarah E. Whitmore, Richard J. Lamont, William E. Goldman. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1003933 Abstract Partial Text Over a number of years, epidemiological studies established several well-defined risk factors for cancer, including age, heredity, diet, tobacco use, chronic viral infections, and inflammation. Paradoxically, the success of these studies … Continue reading Research Article: Oral Bacteria and Cancer

Research Article: Bacteria, Phages and Septicemia

Date Published: November 7, 2007 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Aušra Gaidelytė, Martti Vaara, Dennis H. Bamford, Floyd Romesberg. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0001145 Abstract: The use of phages is an attractive option to battle antibiotic resistant bacteria in certain bacterial infections, but the role of phage ecology in bacterial infections is obscure. Here we surveyed the phage ecology … Continue reading Research Article: Bacteria, Phages and Septicemia

Research Article: Protein Complexes in Bacteria

Date Published: February 27, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): J. Harry Caufield, Marco Abreu, Christopher Wimble, Peter Uetz, Christine A. Orengo Abstract: Large-scale analyses of protein complexes have recently become available for Escherichia coli and Mycoplasma pneumoniae, yielding 443 and 116 heteromultimeric soluble protein complexes, respectively. We have coupled the results of these … Continue reading Research Article: Protein Complexes in Bacteria

Research Article: Propulsion and Chemotaxis in Bacteria‐Driven Microswimmers

Date Published: May 24, 2017 Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc. Author(s): Jiang Zhuang, Byung‐Wook Park, Metin Sitti. http://doi.org/10.1002/advs.201700109 Abstract Despite the large body of experimental work recently on biohybrid microsystems, few studies have focused on theoretical modeling of such systems, which is essential to understand their underlying functioning mechanisms and hence design them optimally … Continue reading Research Article: Propulsion and Chemotaxis in Bacteria‐Driven Microswimmers

Research Highlights: The Effect of Oral Bacteria to the Vaginal Microbiome

Original Article: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pbio.3000788 Bacteria are normally present in healthy vaginas. Imbalances of the various types of bacteria in the vagina can lead to an infection called bacterial vaginosis (BV). Women with BV are more likely to be populated by possible pathogens which includes Fusobacterium nucleatum. Fusobacterium nucleatum is an oral commensal pathogen linked with a … Continue reading Research Highlights: The Effect of Oral Bacteria to the Vaginal Microbiome

Research Article: On the evolutionary ecology of multidrug resistance in bacteria

Date Published: May 13, 2019 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Sonja Lehtinen, François Blanquart, Marc Lipsitch, Christophe Fraser, Erwin Schurr. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1007763 Abstract Resistance against different antibiotics appears on the same bacterial strains more often than expected by chance, leading to high frequencies of multidrug resistance. There are multiple explanations for this observation, but these … Continue reading Research Article: On the evolutionary ecology of multidrug resistance in bacteria

Research Article: Optimized detection of bacteria in bloodstream infections

Date Published: June 26, 2019 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Yajing Song, Peter Gyarmati, Henk D. F. H. Schallig. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0219086 Abstract Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a life-threatening condition characterized by the presence of pathogens in the blood. It is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, and has to be treated promptly as mortality increases … Continue reading Research Article: Optimized detection of bacteria in bloodstream infections