bacteriorhodopsin | definition

an archaeon protein in the plasma membrane that pumps proton out when activated by light energy

By Elabor8or – graphic created by Elabor8or, using GIMP & PyMOL., CC BY-SA 3.0,


Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Morgan, D., Raf, M., Roberts, K., & Walter, P. (2015). Molecular Biology of the Cell. New York: Garland Science.


Related Research

Research Article: An Approach to Heterologous Expression of Membrane Proteins. The Case of Bacteriorhodopsin

Date Published: June 5, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Dmitry Bratanov, Taras Balandin, Ekaterina Round, Vitaly Shevchenko, Ivan Gushchin, Vitaly Polovinkin, Valentin Borshchevskiy, Valentin Gordeliy, Dimitrios Fotiadis. Abstract: Heterologous overexpression of functional membrane proteins is a major bottleneck of structural biology. Bacteriorhodopsin from Halobium salinarum (bR) is a striking example of the … Continue reading

Research Article: Crystal Structure of Escherichia coli-Expressed Haloarcula marismortui Bacteriorhodopsin I in the Trimeric Form

Date Published: December 5, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Vitaly Shevchenko, Ivan Gushchin, Vitaly Polovinkin, Ekaterina Round, Valentin Borshchevskiy, Petr Utrobin, Alexander Popov, Taras Balandin, Georg Büldt, Valentin Gordeliy, Oleg Y. Dmitriev. Abstract: Bacteriorhodopsins are a large family of seven-helical transmembrane proteins that function as light-driven proton pumps. Here, we present the … Continue reading

Research Article: Probing a Polar Cluster in the Retinal Binding Pocket of Bacteriorhodopsin by a Chemical Design Approach

Date Published: August 3, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Rosana Simón-Vázquez, Marta Domínguez, Víctor A. Lórenz-Fonfría, Susana Álvarez, José-Luís Bourdelande, Ángel R. de Lera, Esteve Padrós, Alex Perálvarez-Marín, Hans-Joachim Wieden. Abstract Bacteriorhodopsin has a polar cluster of amino acids surrounding the retinal molecule, which is responsible for light harvesting to fuel proton pumping. … Continue reading

Research Article: Protein Conformational Changes in the Bacteriorhodopsin Photocycle: Comparison of Findings from Electron and X-Ray Crystallographic Analyses

Date Published: June 2, 2009 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Teruhisa Hirai, Sriram Subramaniam, Joseph P. R. O. Orgel. Abstract: Light-driven conformational changes in the membrane protein bacteriorhodopsin have been studied extensively using X-ray and electron crystallography, resulting in the deposition of >30 sets of coordinates describing structural changes at various stages of proton … Continue reading