binocular disparity | definition

slightly different view of the world that each eye receives


Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. D. (2020). Psychology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at


Research Article: The Role of Binocular Disparity in Stereoscopic Images of Objects in the Macaque Anterior Intraparietal Area

Date Published: February 7, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Maria C. Romero, Ilse C. L. Van Dromme, Peter Janssen, Samuel G. Solomon. Abstrac:t Neurons in the macaque Anterior Intraparietal area (AIP) encode depth structure in random-dot stimuli defined by gradients of binocular disparity, but the importance of binocular disparity in real-world objects for … Continue reading

Research Article: Electrophysiological Correlates of Binocular Stereo Depth without Binocular Disparities

Date Published: August 2, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Karoline Spang, Barbara Gillam, Manfred Fahle, Markus Lappe. Abstract: A small region of background presented to only one eye in an otherwise binocular display may, under certain conditions, be resolved in the visual system by interpreting the region as a small gap between two … Continue reading

Research Article: On the Contribution of Binocular Disparity to the Long-Term Memory for Natural Scenes

Date Published: November 15, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Matteo Valsecchi, Karl R. Gegenfurtner, Chris I. Baker. Abstract: Binocular disparity is a fundamental dimension defining the input we receive from the visual world, along with luminance and chromaticity. In a memory task involving images of natural scenes we investigate whether binocular disparity enhances … Continue reading

Research Article: Vertical Binocular Disparity is Encoded Implicitly within a Model Neuronal Population Tuned to Horizontal Disparity and Orientation

Date Published: April 22, 2010 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jenny C. A. Read, Laurence T. Maloney Abstract: Primary visual cortex is often viewed as a “cyclopean retina”, performing the initial encoding of binocular disparities between left and right images. Because the eyes are set apart horizontally in the head, binocular disparities are predominantly … Continue reading

Research Article: Reading Text Increases Binocular Disparity in Dyslexic Children

Date Published: November 4, 2011 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Julie A. Kirkby, Hazel I. Blythe, Denis Drieghe, Simon P. Liversedge, Anne Castles. Abstract: Children with developmental dyslexia show reading impairment compared to their peers, despite being matched on IQ, socio-economic background, and educational opportunities. The neurological and cognitive basis of dyslexia remains a … Continue reading

Research Article: Ideal Binocular Disparity Detectors Learned Using Independent Subspace Analysis on Binocular Natural Image Pairs

Date Published: March 16, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): David W. Hunter, Paul B. Hibbard, Maurice Ptito. Abstract: An influential theory of mammalian vision, known as the efficient coding hypothesis, holds that early stages in the visual cortex attempts to form an efficient coding of ecologically valid stimuli. Although numerous authors have … Continue reading

Research Article: Effect of Pictorial Depth Cues, Binocular Disparity Cues and Motion Parallax Depth Cues on Lightness Perception in Three-Dimensional Virtual Scenes

Date Published: September 10, 2008 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Michiteru Kitazaki, Hisashi Kobiki, Laurence T. Maloney, Bernhard Baune. Abstract: Surface lightness perception is affected by scene interpretation. There is some experimental evidence that perceived lightness under bi-ocular viewing conditions is different from perceived lightness in actual scenes but there are also reports that … Continue reading