cell wall | definition

  • cell structure made of cellulose
  • rigid layer of polysaccharides surrounding the plasma membrane of the cells of plant, fungi, and bacteria
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Research Articles Related To Cell Wall

Research Article: Changes in Cell Wall Properties Coincide with Overexpression of Extensin Fusion Proteins in Suspension Cultured Tobacco Cells

Date Published: December 23, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Li Tan, Yunqiao Pu, Sivakumar Pattathil, Utku Avci, Jin Qian, Allison Arter, Liwei Chen, Michael G. Hahn, Arthur J. Ragauskas, Marcia J. Kieliszewski, Joshua L. Heazlewood. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115906 Abstract Extensins are one subfamily of the cell wall hydroxyproline-rich glycoproteins, containing characteristic SerHyp4 glycosylation motifs and … Continue reading

Research Article: Null Mutants of Individual RABA Genes Impact the Proportion of Different Cell Wall Components in Stem Tissue of Arabidopsis thaliana

Date Published: October 4, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Daniel Lunn, Sanyasi R. Gaddipati, Gregory A. Tucker, Grantley W. Lycett, Miguel A. Blazquez. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075724 Abstract In Arabidopsis, and other plants, the RABA GTPases (orthologous to the Rab11a of mammals) have expanded in number and diversity and have been shown to belong to eight … Continue reading

Research Article: Innate Recognition of Fungal Cell Walls

Date Published: April 22, 2010 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Stuart M. Levitz, Hiten D. Madhani. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000758 Abstract Partial Text The emergence of fungal infections as major causes of morbidity and mortality in immunosuppressed individuals has prompted studies into how the host recognizes fungal pathogens. Fungi are eukaryotes and as such share many similarities … Continue reading

Research Article: A Model for Cell Wall Dissolution in Mating Yeast Cells: Polarized Secretion and Restricted Diffusion of Cell Wall Remodeling Enzymes Induces Local Dissolution

Date Published: October 16, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Lori B. Huberman, Andrew W. Murray, Yanchang Wang. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109780 Abstract Mating of the budding yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, occurs when two haploid cells of opposite mating types signal using reciprocal pheromones and receptors, grow towards each other, and fuse to form a single diploid cell. … Continue reading

Research Article: Cell Walls and the Developmental Anatomy of the Brachypodium distachyon Stem Internode

Date Published: November 21, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Dominick A. Matos, Ian P. Whitney, Michael J. Harrington, Samuel P. Hazen, Joshua L. Heazlewood. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080640 Abstract While many aspects of plant cell wall polymer structure are known, their spatial and temporal distribution within the stem are not well understood. Here, we studied vascular … Continue reading

Research Article: Interaction and Modulation of Two Antagonistic Cell Wall Enzymes of Mycobacteria

Date Published: July 29, 2010 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Erik C. Hett, Michael C. Chao, Eric J. Rubin, William R. Bishai. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1001020 Abstract Bacterial cell growth and division require coordinated cell wall hydrolysis and synthesis, allowing for the removal and expansion of cell wall material. Without proper coordination, unchecked hydrolysis can result in … Continue reading

Research Article: An Extensive Circuitry for Cell Wall Regulation in Candida albicans

Date Published: February 5, 2010 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jill R. Blankenship, Saranna Fanning, Jessica J. Hamaker, Aaron P. Mitchell, Christina M. Hull. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000752 Abstract Protein kinases play key roles in signaling and response to changes in the external environment. The ability of Candida albicans to quickly sense and respond to changes in … Continue reading

Research Article: Structural Basis of Cell Wall Cleavage by a Staphylococcal Autolysin

Date Published: March 12, 2010 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Sebastian Zoll, Bernhard Pätzold, Martin Schlag, Friedrich Götz, Hubert Kalbacher, Thilo Stehle, Partho Ghosh. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1000807 Abstract The major autolysins (Atl) of Staphylococcus epidermidis and S. aureus play an important role in cell separation, and their mutants are also attenuated in virulence. Therefore, autolysins represent … Continue reading

Research Article: Characterization of slow-cycling cells in the mouse cochlear lateral wall

Date Published: June 20, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Yang Li, Kotaro Watanabe, Masato Fujioka, Kaoru Ogawa, Bruce B. Riley. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0179293 Abstract Cochlear spiral ligament fibrocytes (SLFs) play essential roles in the physiology of hearing including ion recycling and the generation of endocochlear potential. In adult animals, SLFs can repopulate after damages, yet … Continue reading

Research Article: The Mechanisms of Plant Cell Wall Deconstruction during Enzymatic Hydrolysis

Date Published: September 18, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Lisbeth G. Thygesen, Emil E. Thybring, Katja S. Johansen, Claus Felby, Tobias Isaac Baskin. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0108313 Abstract Mechanical agitation during enzymatic hydrolysis of insoluble plant biomass at high dry matter contents is indispensable for the initial liquefaction step in biorefining. It is known that particle … Continue reading

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