codeine | definition

opiate with relatively low potency often prescribed for minor pain


Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. D. (2020). Psychology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at


Research Article: A Clinical Tool for Reducing Central Nervous System Depression among Neonates Exposed to Codeine through Breast Milk

Date Published: July 29, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Lauren E. Kelly, Shahnaz A. Chaudhry, Michael J. Rieder, Geert ‘t Jong, Myla E. Moretti, Andrea Lausman, Colin Ross, Howard Berger, Bruce Carleton, Michael R. Hayden, Parvaz Madadi, Gideon Koren, Lynette Kay Rogers. Abstract: Neonates are commonly exposed to maternal codeine through breast … Continue reading

Research Article: Misuse and Dependence on Non-Prescription Codeine Analgesics or Sedative H1 Antihistamines by Adults: A Cross-Sectional Investigation in France

Date Published: October 3, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Anne Roussin, Annabelle Bouyssi, Lucie Pouché, Laure Pourcel, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Chuhsing Kate Hsiao. Abstract: Given the growing worldwide market of non-prescription drugs, monitoring their misuse in the context of self-medication represents a particular challenge in Public Health. The aim of this study was … Continue reading

Research Article: Reduced Regional Homogeneity in Bilateral Frontostriatal System Relates to Higher Impulsivity Behavior in Codeine-Containing Cough Syrups Dependent Individuals

Date Published: November 4, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Yingwei Qiu, Xiaofei Lv, Huanhuan Su, Guihua Jiang, Junzhang Tian, Fuzhen Zhuo, Lujun Han, Xuelin Zhang, Xi-Nian Zuo. Abstract: In the past twenty years, codeine-containing cough syrups (CCS) was recognized as a new type of addictive drugs. However, the exact neurobiologic mechanisms underlying … Continue reading