continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) | definition

  • device used to treat sleep apnea
  • includes a mask that fits over the sleeper’s nose and mouth, which is connected to a pump that pumps air into the person’s airways, forcing them to remain open


Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. D. (2020). Psychology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at


Research Article: Infant CPAP for low-income countries: An experimental comparison of standard bubble CPAP and the Pumani system

Date Published: May 16, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Markus Falk, Snorri Donaldsson, Thomas Drevhammar, Harald Ehrhardt. Abstract: Access to inexpensive respiratory support to newborn infants improves survival in low-income countries. Standard bubble continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been extensively used worldwide for more than 30 years. One project aimed at … Continue reading

Research Article: The Relationship between CPAP Usage and Corneal Thickness

Date Published: January 24, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ethem Gelir, Murat Timur Budak, Sadik Ardıc, Karen L. Gamble. Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a correlation between CPAP usage and corneal thickness in patients with sleep disordered breathing. Full-night polysomnography (PSG) recordings were collected. Ten … Continue reading

Research Article: Effect of Acute Intermittent CPAP Depressurization during Sleep in Obese Patients

Date Published: January 5, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jonathan C. Jun, Dileep Unnikrishnan, Hartmut Schneider, Jason Kirkness, Alan R. Schwartz, Philip L. Smith, Vsevolod Y. Polotsky, Thomas Penzel. Abstract: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) describes intermittent collapse of the airway during sleep, for which continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is often prescribed … Continue reading

Research Article: Characterization of the CPAP-treated patient population in Catalonia

Date Published: September 21, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Cecilia Turino, Sandra Bertran, Ricard Gavaldá, Ivan Teixidó, Holger Woehrle, Montserrat Rué, Francesc Solsona, Joan Escarrabill, Cristina Colls, Anna García-Altés, Jordi de Batlle, Manuel Sánchez de-la-Torre, Ferran Barbé, Clemens Heiser. Abstract: There are different phenotypes of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), many of which … Continue reading

Research Article: Specific insomnia symptoms and self-efficacy explain CPAP compliance in a sample of OSAS patients

Date Published: April 4, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Pierre Philip, Stéphanie Bioulac, Elemarije Altena, Charles M. Morin, Imad Ghorayeb, Olivier Coste, Pierre-Jean Monteyrol, Jean-Arthur Micoulaud-Franchi, Andrea Romigi. Abstract: This study explores the association between specific insomnia symptoms (sleep onset, sleep maintenance and early morning awakenings symptoms) and self-efficacy (perceived self-confidence in … Continue reading

Research Article: Very Preterm Infants Failing CPAP Show Signs of Fatigue Immediately after Birth

Date Published: June 8, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Melissa L. Siew, Jeroen J. van Vonderen, Stuart B. Hooper, Arjan B. te Pas, Olivier Baud. Abstract: To investigate the differences in breathing pattern and effort in infants at birth who failed or succeeded on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) during the first … Continue reading

Research Article: The Effects of CPAP Treatment on Task Positive and Default Mode Networks in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients: An fMRI Study

Date Published: December 5, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Olga Prilipko, Nelly Huynh, Sophie Schwartz, Visasiri Tantrakul, Clete Kushida, Teresa Paiva, Christian Guilleminault, Wing-ho Yung. Abstract: Functional magnetic resonance imaging studies enable the investigation of neural correlates underlying behavioral performance. We investigate the effect of active and sham Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) … Continue reading

Research Article: Changes in the Heart Rate Variability in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Its Response to Acute CPAP Treatment

Date Published: March 16, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ernesto Kufoy, Jose-Alberto Palma, Jon Lopez, Manuel Alegre, Elena Urrestarazu, Julio Artieda, Jorge Iriarte, Namni Goel. Abstract: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The goal of this study was to demonstrate whether the use of CPAP produces significant … Continue reading

Research Article: Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome, Endothelial Function and Markers of Endothelialization. Changes after CPAP

Date Published: March 27, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Rocio Muñoz-Hernandez, Antonio J. Vallejo-Vaz, Angeles Sanchez Armengol, Rafael Moreno-Luna, Candela Caballero-Eraso, Hada C. Macher, Jose Villar, Ana M Merino, Javier Castell, Francisco Capote, Pablo Stiefel, Wing-ho Yung. Abstract: This study tries to assess the endothelial function in vivo using flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) … Continue reading

Research Article: Financial Incentive Increases CPAP Acceptance in Patients from Low Socioeconomic Background

Date Published: March 30, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ariel Tarasiuk, Gally Reznor, Sari Greenberg-Dotan, Haim Reuveni, Martin Gerbert Frasch. Abstract: We explored whether financial incentives have a role in patients′ decisions to accept (purchase) a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device in a healthcare system that requires cost sharing. Longitudinal interventional study. … Continue reading