Did You Know: Facts About Weight Loss

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  • During adolescence, girls are more likely than boys to attempt weight loss.
  • The desire to lose weight was common even in women with normal body mass index.
  • The desire to lose weight may be associated with an impaired psychological health.
  • Overweight affects about 600 million people worldwide.
  • Overweight affects more than 30 percent of the American population.
  • Comparison of different diets revealed that there is no significant difference in their effectiveness for weight loss.
  • Healthy lifestyle choices are the foundation of obesity treatment but, weight loss can lead to physiological adaptations that promote weight regain.
  • Anti-obesity drugs includes sympathomimetics, pancreatic lipase inhibitors, GABAA receptor activators, a serotonin 2C receptor agonist, opioid antagonist, dopamine-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists.
  • Latina person who has social ties with people who had lost weight is more likely to eat small portions and low fat foods.
  • Social support can promote weight loss, specifically when support is received online through forums on weight loss websites.
  • Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective therapy for significant and sustained weight loss.
  • Gastric bypass surgery is associated with the alterations in the physiology of weight regulation and eating behavior in patients who have undergone the procedure.
  • Gastrointestinal hormones have recently been found to be an important element in the physiology of appetite regulation due to the signals from the periphery to the brain.
  • Excessive drinking along with purging as a method for weight control has been documented in college-aged females.
  • Cooking dinner frequently at home is associated with consumption of a healthier diet regardless of the weight loss motivation.
  • For most people, behavioral lifestyle changes is not enough to enhance weight loss efforts and improve overall health and quality of life.
  • Weight loss medication is not a “quick fix” but rather a part of the resources to combat obesity and improve quality of life.
  • Some high school students may smoke cigarettes as a method of weight control.
  • Study found that ketogenic diets are much more effective in losing weight because it provide metabolic advantages such as the capacity to preserve muscle mass, reduce appetite, to have a lower metabolic efficiency, produce a metabolic activation of thermogenesis and favors a greater fat loss even with a greater number of calories.
  • Dieting is usually not associated with nutritional deficiencies, adverse physiologic adaptations, severe psychological reactions, or the development of eating disorders.
  • Weight loss in older people is associated with unfavorable outcomes, especially if unintentional and initial body weight is low.
  • When older people lose weight, more of the tissue lost is lean which can lead to sarcopenia.

Sources:

McDow KB, Nguyen DT, Herrick KA, Akinbami LJ. Attempts to Lose Weight Among Adolescents Aged 16-19 in the United States, 2013-2016. NCHS Data Brief. 2019;(340):1-8.

Carrard, I., Kruseman, M., & Marques-Vidal, P. (2018). Desire to lose weight, dietary intake and psychological correlates among middle-aged and older women. The CoLaus study. Preventive medicine113, 41–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.05.011

Severin, R., Sabbahi, A., Mahmoud, A. M., Arena, R., & Phillips, S. A. (2019). Precision Medicine in Weight Loss and Healthy Living. Progress in cardiovascular diseases62(1), 15–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2018.12.012

Correia, J. C., Locatelli, L., & Golay, A. (2015). Comment perdre du poids de manière efficace et durable: une revue de l’actualité [How to lose weight effectively and in a sustainable manner: a review of current topics]. Revue medicale suisse11(467), 689–694.

Bessesen, D. H., & Van Gaal, L. F. (2018). Progress and challenges in anti-obesity pharmacotherapy. The lancet. Diabetes & endocrinology6(3), 237–248. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(17)30236-X

Marquez, B., Norman, G. J., Fowler, J. H., Gans, K. M., & Marcus, B. H. (2018). Weight and weight control behaviors of Latinas and their social ties. Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association37(4), 318–325. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000597

Reading, J. M., Buhr, K. J., & Stuckey, H. L. (2019). Social Experiences of Adults Using Online Support Forums to Lose Weight: A Qualitative Content Analysis. Health education & behavior : the official publication of the Society for Public Health Education46(2_suppl), 129–133. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198119859403

Bueter, M., Seyfried, F., & Germer, C. T. (2010). Warum Patienten nach bariatrischen Operationen Gewicht abnehmen [Why patients lose weight after bariatric operations]. Zentralblatt fur Chirurgie135(1), 28–33. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0029-1224697

Wolfson, J. A., & Bleich, S. N. (2015). Is cooking at home associated with better diet quality or weight-loss intention?. Public health nutrition18(8), 1397–1406. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980014001943

Leahy L. G. (2017). Medication-Assisted Weight Loss in the Age of Obesity. Journal of psychosocial nursing and mental health services55(8), 21–26. https://doi.org/10.3928/02793695-20170718-02

Johnson, J. L., Eaton, D. K., Pederson, L. L., & Lowry, R. (2009). Associations of trying to lose weight, weight control behaviors, and current cigarette use among US high school students. The Journal of school health79(8), 355–360. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00421.x

Pérez-Guisado J. (2008). Las dietas cetogénicas: fundamentos y eficacia para la pérdida de peso [Ketogenic diets and weight loss: basis and effectiveness]. Archivos latinoamericanos de nutricion58(2), 126–131.

French, S. A., & Jeffery, R. W. (1994). Consequences of dieting to lose weight: effects on physical and mental health. Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association13(3), 195–212. https://doi.org/10.1037//0278-6133.13.3.195

Soenen, S., & Chapman, I. M. (2013). Body weight, anorexia, and undernutrition in older people. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association14(9), 642–648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2013.02.004

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