epinephrine | definition

hormone released by the adrenal medulla in response to a short term stress


Clark, M., Douglas, M., Choi, J. Biology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at: https://openstax.org/details/books/biology-2e


Research Article: Norepinephrine and Epinephrine Enhanced the Infectivity of Enterovirus 71

Date Published: August 7, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Yu-Ting Liao, Shih-Min Wang, Jen-Ren Wang, Chun-Keung Yu, Ching-Chuan Liu, Luis Menéndez-Arias. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135154 Abstract: Enterovirus 71 (EV71) infections may be associated with neurological complications, including brainstem encephalitis (BE). Severe EV71 BE may be complicated with autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysregulation and/or pulmonary edema (PE). … Continue reading

Research Article: A Randomized Blinded Study of the Left Ventricular Myocardial Performance Index Comparing Epinephrine to Levosimendan following Cardiopulmonary Bypass

Date Published: December 14, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Marcello Fonseca Salgado Filho, Marselha Barral, Louis Barrucand, Ismar Lima Cavalcanti, Nubia Verçosa, Umberto Benedetto. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143315 Abstract: The objective was to evaluate the effect of epinephrine and levosimendan on the left ventricle myocardial performance index in patients undergoing on-pump coronary artery by-pass grafting (CABG). … Continue reading

Research Article: Epinephrine modulates Na+/K+ ATPase activity in Caco-2 cells via Src, p38MAPK, ERK and PGE2

Date Published: February 21, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Layla El Moussawi, Mohamed Chakkour, Sawsan I. Kreydiyyeh, Luis Eduardo M Quintas. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193139 Abstract: Epinephrine, a key stress hormone, is known to affect ion transport in the colon. Stress has been associated with alterations in colonic functions leading to changes in water movements manifested … Continue reading

Research Article: Galactomannan and Zymosan Block the Epinephrine-Induced Particle Transport in Tracheal Epithelium

Date Published: November 16, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Sebastian Weiterer, Thomas Kohlen, Florian Veit, Lydia Sachs, Florian Uhle, Christoph Lichtenstern, Markus A. Weigand, Michael Henrich, James Porter. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0143163 Abstract: Ciliary beating by respiratory epithelial cells continuously purges pathogens from the lower airways. Here we investigated the effect of the fungal cell wall … Continue reading

Research Article: Epinephrine Improves the Efficacy of Nebulized Hypertonic Saline in Moderate Bronchiolitis: A Randomised Clinical Trial

Date Published: November 17, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): J. Carlos Flores-González, Miguel A. Matamala-Morillo, Patricia Rodríguez-Campoy, Juan J. Pérez-Guerrero, Belén Serrano-Moyano, Paloma Comino-Vazquez, Encarnación Palma-Zambrano, Rocio Bulo-Concellón, Vanessa Santos-Sánchez, Alfonso M. Lechuga-Sancho, Susanna Esposito. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0142847 Abstract: There is no evidence that the epinephrine-3% hypertonic saline combination is more effective than 3% hypertonic … Continue reading

Research Article: Epinephrine Activation of the β2-Adrenoceptor Is Required for IL-13-Induced Mucin Production in Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells

Date Published: July 10, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Nour Al-Sawalha, Indira Pokkunuri, Ozozoma Omoluabi, Hosu Kim, Vaidehi J. Thanawala, Adrian Hernandez, Richard A. Bond, Brian J. Knoll, Shama Ahmad. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0132559 Abstract: Mucus hypersecretion by airway epithelium is a hallmark of inflammation in allergic asthma and results in airway narrowing and obstruction. Others … Continue reading

Research Article: Combination of Epinephrine with Esmolol Attenuates Post-Resuscitation Myocardial Dysfunction in a Porcine Model of Cardiac Arrest

Date Published: December 18, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Qian Zhang, ChunSheng Li, Xiongwen Chen. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082677 Abstract: Recent experimental and clinical studies have indicated that the β-adrenergic effect of epinephrine significantly increases the severity of post resuscitation myocardial dysfunction. The aim of the study was to investigate whether the short-acting β1-selective adrenergic blocking … Continue reading

Research Article: Stress Hormone Epinephrine Enhances Adipogenesis in Murine Embryonic Stem Cells by Up-Regulating the Neuropeptide Y System

Date Published: May 3, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ruijun Han, Joanna B. Kitlinska, William R. Munday, G. Ian Gallicano, Zofia Zukowska, Jeffrey M. Gimble. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036609 Abstract: Prenatal stress, psychologically and metabolically, increases the risk of obesity and diabetes in the progeny. However, the mechanisms of the pathogenesis remain unknown. In adult mice, stress … Continue reading

Research Article: The epinephrine-induced PGE2 reduces Na+/K+ ATPase activity in Caco-2 cells via PKC, NF-κB and NO

Date Published: August 8, 2019 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Layla El Moussawi, Mohamed Chakkour, Sawsan Kreydiyyeh, Luis Eduardo M Quintas. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220987 Abstract: We showed previously an epinephrine-induced inhibition of the Na+/K+ ATPase in Caco-2 cells mediated via PGE2. This work is an attempt to further elucidate mediators downstream of PGE2 and involved in … Continue reading

Research Article: Valsartan impedes epinephrine-induced ICAM-4 activation on normal, sickle cell trait and sickle cell disease red blood cells

Date Published: May 13, 2019 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jing Zhang, Sasia-Marie Jones, George Lykotrafitis, Biree Andemariam, Michael Bader. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0216467 Abstract: Abnormal red blood cell (RBC) adhesion to endothelial αvβ3 plays a crucial role in triggering vaso-occlusive episodes in sickle cell disease (SCD). It is known that epinephrine, a β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) stimulator, … Continue reading