estrogen | definition

a group of steroid hormones, including estradiol and several others, that are produced by the ovaries and elicit secondary sex characteristics in females as well as control the maturation of the ova


Source:

Clark, M., Douglas, M., Choi, J. Biology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at: https://openstax.org/details/books/biology-2e

Research Article: The Estrogen Hypothesis of Obesity

Date Published: June 10, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): James P. Grantham, Maciej Henneberg, Cheryl S. Rosenfeld. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099776 Abstract: The explanation of obesity as a simple result of positive energy balance fails to account for the scope of variable responses to diets and lifestyles. It is postulated that individual physiological and anatomical variation … Continue reading

Research Article: Estrogen Receptor (ER)-α36 Is Involved in Estrogen- and Tamoxifen-Induced Neuroprotective Effects in Ischemic Stroke Models

Date Published: October 20, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Wei Zou, Chen Fang, Xiaofei Ji, Xiaofeng Liang, Yang Liu, Chao Han, Liang Huang, Qiqi Zhang, Hongyan Li, Yejun Zhang, Jinqiu Liu, Jing Liu, Thiruma V. Arumugam. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0140660 Abstract: The neuroprotection by estrogen (E2) and tamoxifen is well documented in experimental stroke models; however, … Continue reading

Research Article: Tyrosine Phosphatase Shp2 Mediates the Estrogen Biological Action in Breast Cancer via Interaction with the Estrogen Extranuclear Receptor

Date Published: July 21, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jun Li, Yujia Kang, Longgang Wei, Wenjie Liu, Yingpu Tian, Baozhen Chen, Xiandong Lin, Yang Li, Gen-Sheng Feng, Zhongxian Lu, Haibin Wang. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0102847 Abstract: The extranuclear estrogen receptor pathway opens up novel perspectives in many physiological and pathological processes, especially in breast carcinogenesis. However, … Continue reading

Research Article: Correction: Estrogen Signalling and the Metabolic Syndrome: Targeting the Hepatic Estrogen Receptor Alpha Action

Date Published: June 19, 2019 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Marko Matic, Galyna Bryzgalova, Hui Gao, Per Antonson, Patricia Humire, Yoko Omoto, Neil Portwood, Camilla Pramfalk, Suad Efendic, Per-Olof Berggren, Jan-Åke Gustafsson, Karin Dahlman-Wright. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217526 Abstract: Partial Text   Source: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217526  

Research Article: Estrogen and mechanical loading-related regulation of estrogen receptor-β and apoptosis in tendinopathy

Date Published: October 8, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jeng-Long Hsieh, I-Ming Jou, Chao-Liang Wu, Po-Ting Wu, Ai-Li Shiau, Hao-Earn Chong, Yu-Ting Lo, Po-Chuan Shen, Shih-Yao Chen, Hazel RC Screen. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204603 Abstract: Female-dominant tendinopathies are musculoskeletal disorders caused by repetitive hand posture and motion; they are considered overuse syndromes. Both external mechanical stress … Continue reading

Research Article: Distinct Effects of Estrogen on Mouse Maternal Behavior: The Contribution of Estrogen Synthesis in the Brain

Date Published: March 23, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Gen Murakami, Jodi Pawluski. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150728 Abstract: Estrogen surge following progesterone withdrawal at parturition plays an important role in initiating maternal behavior in various rodent species. Systemic estrogen treatment shortens the latency to onset of maternal behavior in nulliparous female rats that have not experienced … Continue reading

Research Article: Genes Dysregulated to Different Extent or Oppositely in Estrogen Receptor-Positive and Estrogen Receptor-Negative Breast Cancers

Date Published: July 18, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Xianxiao Zhou, Tongwei Shi, Bailiang Li, Yuannv Zhang, Xiaopei Shen, Hongdong Li, Guini Hong, Chunyang Liu, Zheng Guo, Karin Dahlman-Wright. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0070017 Abstract: Directly comparing gene expression profiles of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) and estrogen receptor-negative (ER−) breast cancers cannot determine whether differentially expressed genes between … Continue reading

Research Article: Estrogen Signalling and the Metabolic Syndrome: Targeting the Hepatic Estrogen Receptor Alpha Action

Date Published: February 25, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Marko Matic, Galyna Bryzgalova, Hui Gao, Per Antonson, Patricia Humire, Yoko Omoto, Neil Portwood, Camilla Pramfalk, Suad Efendic, Per-Olof Berggren, Jan-Åke Gustafsson, Karin Dahlman-Wright, Andrea Cignarella. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057458 Abstract An increasing body of evidence now links estrogenic signalling with the metabolic syndrome (MS). Despite the beneficial … Continue reading

Research Article: Estrogen Inhibits Renal Cell Carcinoma Cell Progression through Estrogen Receptor-β Activation

Date Published: February 27, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Cheng-Ping Yu, Jar-Yi Ho, Yi-Ting Huang, Tai-Lung Cha, Guang-Huan Sun, Dah-Shyong Yu, Fung-Wei Chang, Shu-Pin Chen, Ren-Jun Hsu, Xin Wei Wang. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0056667 Abstract: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) originates in the lining of the proximal convoluted tubule and accounts for approximately 3% of adult malignancies. The … Continue reading

Research Article: 3D Models of MBP, a Biologically Active Metabolite of Bisphenol A, in Human Estrogen Receptor α and Estrogen Receptor β

Date Published: October 4, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Michael E. Baker, Charlie Chandsawangbhuwana, Vincent Laudet. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0046078 Abstract: Bisphenol A [BPA] is a widely dispersed environmental chemical that is of much concern because the BPA monomer is a weak transcriptional activator of human estrogen receptor α [ERα] and ERβ in cell culture. A BPA … Continue reading