hormone | definition

chemical messenger released by endocrine glands


Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. D. (2020). Psychology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at https://openstax.org/details/books/psychology-2e


Research Article: Thyroid Hormone Signaling in the Mouse Retina

Date Published: December 12, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Patrick Arbogast, Frédéric Flamant, Pierre Godement, Martin Glösmann, Leo Peichl, Tudor C. Badea. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0168003 Abstract: Thyroid hormone is a crucial regulator of gene expression in the developing and adult retina. Here we sought to map sites of thyroid hormone signaling at the cellular level … Continue reading

Research Article: The Origin of Glucocorticoid Hormone Oscillations

Date Published: June 5, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Jamie J. Walker, Francesca Spiga, Eleanor Waite, Zidong Zhao, Yvonne Kershaw, John R. Terry, Stafford L. Lightman, Antonio J. Vidal-Puig Abstract: Characterization of a peripheral hormonal system identifies the origin and mechanisms of regulation of glucocorticoid hormone oscillations in rats. Partial Text: A fundamental … Continue reading

Research Article: Identification of Thyroid Hormones and Functional Characterization of Thyroid Hormone Receptor in the Pacific Oyster Crassostrea gigas Provide Insight into Evolution of the Thyroid Hormone System

Date Published: December 28, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Wen Huang, Fei Xu, Tao Qu, Rui Zhang, Li Li, Huayong Que, Guofan Zhang, Michael Schubert. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144991 Abstract: Thyroid hormones (THs) play important roles in development, metamorphosis, and metabolism in vertebrates. During the past century, TH functions were regarded as a synapomorphy of vertebrates. … Continue reading

Research Article: The Importance of the Derivative in Sex-Hormone Cycles: A Reason Why Behavioural Measures in Sex-Hormone Studies Are So Mercurial

Date Published: November 26, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Adam McNamara, Kaylee Moakes, Philip Aston, Christine Gavin, Annette Sterr, Hanjun Liu. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111891 Abstract: To study the dynamic changes in cognition across the human menstrual cycle, twenty, healthy, naturally-cycling women undertook a lateralized spatial figural comparison task on twelve occasions at approximately 3–4 day … Continue reading

Research Article: Thyroid Hormone and Estrogen Regulate Exercise-Induced Growth Hormone Release

Date Published: April 13, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Daniele Leão Ignacio, Diego H. da S. Silvestre, João Paulo Albuquerque Cavalcanti-de-Albuquerque, Ruy Andrade Louzada, Denise P. Carvalho, João Pedro Werneck-de-Castro, Guillermo López Lluch. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0122556 Abstract: Growth hormone (GH) regulates whole body metabolism, and physical exercise is the most potent stimulus to induce its … Continue reading

Research Article: Correction: Thyroid Hormone Response Element Half-Site Organization and Its Effect on Thyroid Hormone Mediated Transcription

Date Published: September 19, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): unknown. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109226 Abstract: Partial Text There are errors in Figure S1 of the published article. The correct File S1 can be viewed here.   Source: http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109226  

Research Article: Thyroid Hormone Response Element Half-Site Organization and Its Effect on Thyroid Hormone Mediated Transcription

Date Published: June 27, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Martin A. Paquette, Ella Atlas, Mike G. Wade, Carole L. Yauk, Irina U. Agoulnik. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101155 Abstract: Thyroid hormone (TH) exerts its effects by binding to the thyroid hormone receptor (TR), which binds to TH response elements (TREs) to regulate target gene expression. We investigated … Continue reading

Research Article: Characterization of Luteinizing Hormone and Luteinizing Hormone Receptor and Their Indispensable Role in the Ovulatory Process of the Medaka

Date Published: January 23, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Katsueki Ogiwara, Chika Fujimori, Sanath Rajapakse, Takayuki Takahashi, John A. Craft. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0054482 Abstract: The molecular properties and roles of luteinizing hormone (Lh) and its receptor (Lhcgrbb) have not been studied for the medaka (Oryzias latipes), which is an excellent animal model for ovulation studies. Here, … Continue reading

Research Article: Structural and Functional Divergence of Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone Receptors in Early Sarcopterygians: Lungfish and Xenopus

Date Published: January 4, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Janice K. V. Tam, Billy K. C. Chow, Leo T. O. Lee, Hubert Vaudry. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053482 Abstract: The evolutionary trajectories of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) receptor remain enigmatic since the discovery of physiologically functional GHRH-GHRH receptor (GHRHR) in non-mammalian vertebrates in 2007. Interestingly, subsequent studies have … Continue reading

Research Article: The Roles of Parathyroid Hormone-Like Hormone during Mouse Preimplantation Embryonic Development

Date Published: July 13, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Lei Guo, Shu-Tao Qi, De-Qiang Miao, Xing-Wei Liang, Hui Li, Xiang-Hong Ou, Xin Huang, Cai-Rong Yang, Ying-Chun Ouyang, Yi Hou, Qing-Yuan Sun, Zhiming Han, Xiuhcun (Cindy) Tian. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0040528 Abstract: Parathyroid hormone-like hormone (PTHLH) was first identified as a parathyroid hormone (PTH)-like factor responsible for humoral … Continue reading