hypothyroidism | definition

underactivity of the thyroid gland


Source:

Clark, M., Douglas, M., Choi, J. Biology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at: https://openstax.org/details/books/biology-2e

Research Article: Hypothyroidism and Glaucoma in The United States

Date Published: July 31, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Caitlin Kakigi, Toshimitsu Kasuga, Sophia Y. Wang, Kuldev Singh, Yoshimune Hiratsuka, Akira Murakami, Shan C. Lin, Sanjoy Bhattacharya. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0133688 Abstract: To investigate the association between hypothyroidism and glaucomatous disease. This cross-sectional study included all subjects above the age of 40 years from two nationwide … Continue reading

Research Article: Novel Clinical Evidence of an Association between Homocysteine and Insulin Resistance in Patients with Hypothyroidism or Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Date Published: May 4, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ning Yang, Zhi Yao, Li Miao, Jia Liu, Xia Gao, Hui Fan, Yanjin Hu, Heng Zhang, Yuan Xu, Aijuan Qu, Guang Wang, Susanne Kaser. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125922 Abstract: Hypothyroidism (HO) can induce significant metabolic dysfunction and increase cardiovascular disease risk. In the present study, we investigated … Continue reading

Research Article: Alteration of the colostrum whey proteome in mothers with gestational hypothyroidism

Date Published: October 17, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Lingli Chen, Jingxuan Wang, Pingping Jiang, Fazheng Ren, Xingen Lei, Huiyuan Guo, Juan J. Loor. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205987 Colostrum is the first form of milk produced by the mammary glands of mammals (including many humans) immediately following delivery of the newborn. A proteome is the complete … Continue reading

Research Article: Prevalence of hypothyroidism in patients with hyponatremia: A retrospective cross-sectional study

Date Published: October 11, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Takanobu Nagata, Shoko Nakajima, Atsushi Fujiya, Hiroshi Sobajima, Makoto Yamaguchi, Sun Young Lee. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0205687 Abstract: Hypothyroidism has been suggested to be an uncommon cause of hyponatremia. However, little is known about the prevalence of hypothyroidism in patients with different levels of hyponatremia. The objective … Continue reading

Research Article: High frequency of mutations in ‘dyshormonogenesis genes’ in severe congenital hypothyroidism

Date Published: September 21, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Nina Makretskaya, Olga Bezlepkina, Anna Kolodkina, Alexey Kiyaev, Evgeny V. Vasilyev, Vasily Petrov, Svetlana Kalinenkova, Oleg Malievsky, Ivan I. Dedov, Anatoly Tiulpakov, Michelina Plateroti. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204323 Abstract: Results of the screening of disease causative mutations in congenital hypothyroidism (CH) vary significantly, depending on the sequence … Continue reading

Research Article: Hypothyroidism and Its Rapid Correction Alter Cardiac Remodeling

Date Published: October 15, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Georges Hajje, Youakim Saliba, Tarek Itani, Majed Moubarak, Georges Aftimos, Nassim Farès, Sudhiranjan Gupta. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0109753 Abstract: The cardiovascular effects of mild and overt thyroid disease include a vast array of pathological changes. As well, thyroid replacement therapy has been suggested for preserving cardiac function. … Continue reading

Research Article: Novel Associations for Hypothyroidism Include Known Autoimmune Risk Loci

Date Published: April 6, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Nicholas Eriksson, Joyce Y. Tung, Amy K. Kiefer, David A. Hinds, Uta Francke, Joanna L. Mountain, Chuong B. Do, Amr H. Sawalha. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0034442 Abstract Hypothyroidism is the most common thyroid disorder, affecting about 5% of the general population. Here we present the current largest genome-wide … Continue reading

Research Article: Hypothyroidism Enhances Tumor Invasiveness and Metastasis Development

Date Published: July 29, 2009 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Olaia Martínez-Iglesias, Susana García-Silva, Javier Regadera, Ana Aranda, Adrian Vella. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0006428 Abstract: Whereas there is increasing evidence that loss of expression and/or function of the thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) could result in a selective advantage for tumor development, the relationship between thyroid hormone levels and … Continue reading

Research Article: Hypothyroidism as a risk factor for open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Date Published: October 25, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Shiming Wang, Yue Liu, Guangying Zheng, Ted S Acott. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186634 Abstract: The relationship between hypothyroidism and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) has attracted intense interest recently, but the reported results have been controversial. This meta-analysis was carried out to determine the association between hypothyroidism … Continue reading

Research Article: Hypothyroidism as a risk factor for open angle glaucoma: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Date Published: October 25, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Shiming Wang, Yue Liu, Guangying Zheng, Ted S Acott. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186634 Abstract: The relationship between hypothyroidism and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) has attracted intense interest recently, but the reported results have been controversial. This meta-analysis was carried out to determine the association between hypothyroidism … Continue reading