kinesthesia | definition

perception of the body’s movement through space


Spielman, R. M., Jenkins, W. J., & Lovett, M. D. (2020). Psychology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at


Research Article: When Kinesthesia Becomes Visual: A Theoretical Justification for Executing Motor Tasks in Visual Space

Date Published: July 5, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Michele Tagliabue, Joseph McIntyre, Robert J. van Beers. Abstract: Several experimental studies in the literature have shown that even when performing purely kinesthetic tasks, such as reaching for a kinesthetically felt target with a hidden hand, the brain reconstructs a visual representation of … Continue reading

Research Article: Psychophysical Evaluation of the Capability for Phantom Limb Movement in Forearm Amputees

Date Published: May 26, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Noritaka Kawashima, Tomoki Mita, Benjamin Thompson. Abstract: A phantom limb is the sensation that an amputated limb is still attached to the body and is moving together with other body parts. Phantom limb phenomenon is often described on the basis of the patient’s … Continue reading

Research Article: Population Coding of Forelimb Joint Kinematics by Peripheral Afferents in Monkeys

Date Published: October 24, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Tatsuya Umeda, Kazuhiko Seki, Masa-aki Sato, Yukio Nishimura, Mitsuo Kawato, Tadashi Isa, Paul L. Gribble. Abstract: Various peripheral receptors provide information concerning position and movement to the central nervous system to achieve complex and dexterous movements of forelimbs in primates. The response properties of … Continue reading