leukocyte esterase | definition

enzyme produced by leukocytes that can be detected in the urine and that serves as an indirect indicator of urinary tract infection


Source:

Betts, J. G., Young, K. A., Wise, J. A., Johnson, E., Poe, B., Kruse, D. H., … DeSaix, P. (n.d.). Anatomy and Physiology. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at: https://openstax.org/details/books/anatomy-and-physiology

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Research Articles Related To Urinary Tract Infection

Research Article: Hyperammonemia in Urinary Tract Infections

Date Published: August 20, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Tsuneaki Kenzaka, Ken Kato, Akihito Kitao, Koki Kosami, Kensuke Minami, Shinsuke Yahata, Miho Fukui, Masanobu Okayama, Jeff M Sands. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0136220 Abstract The present study investigated the incidence of hyperammonemia in urinary tract infections and explored the utility of urinary obstruction relief and antimicrobial administration … Continue reading

Research Article: Metabolic phenotyping in the mouse model of urinary tract infection shows that 3-hydroxybutyrate in plasma is associated with infection

Date Published: October 16, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Pei Han, Yong Huang, Yumin Xie, Wu Yang, Yaoyao Wang, Wenying Xiang, Peter J. Hylands, Cristina Legido-Quigley, Pankaj K Singh. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186497 Abstract Urinary tract infection is one of the most common bacterial infections worldwide. Current diagnosis of urinary tract infection chiefly relies on its … Continue reading

Research Article: Metabolic phenotyping in the mouse model of urinary tract infection shows that 3-hydroxybutyrate in plasma is associated with infection

Date Published: October 16, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Pei Han, Yong Huang, Yumin Xie, Wu Yang, Yaoyao Wang, Wenying Xiang, Peter J. Hylands, Cristina Legido-Quigley, Pankaj K Singh. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186497 Abstract Urinary tract infection is one of the most common bacterial infections worldwide. Current diagnosis of urinary tract infection chiefly relies on its … Continue reading

Research Article: A case-control study of lower urinary-tract infections, associated antibiotics and the risk of developing prostate cancer using PCBaSe 3.0

Date Published: April 12, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Beth Russell, Hans Garmo, Kerri Beckmann, Pär Stattin, Jan Adolfsson, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Aamir Ahmad. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195690 Abstract To investigate the association between lower urinary-tract infections, their associated antibiotics and the subsequent risk of developing PCa. Using data from the Swedish PCBaSe 3.0, we performed … Continue reading

Research Article: Role of Glycolipids in the Pathogenesis of Enterococcus faecalis Urinary Tract Infection

Date Published: May 7, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ann-Kristin Diederich, Dominique Wobser, Meike Spiess, Irina G. Sava, Johannes Huebner, Türkân Sakιnç, Willem van Schaik. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0096295 Abstract After uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC), Enterococcus faecalis is the second most common pathogen causing urinary tract infections. Monoglucosyl-diacylglycerol (MGlcDAG) and diglucosyl-diacylglycerol (DGlcDAG) are the main glycolipids … Continue reading

Research Article: Communal Living by Bacteria and the Pathogenesis of Urinary Tract Infections

Date Published: December 18, 2007 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Steven M Opal Abstract: Steven Opal reviews the phenomenon of bacterial communities and discusses the role played by bacterial communication and cooperation in host-pathogen interactions, particularly in urinary tract infection. Partial Text: In this issue of PLoS Medicine, Rosen and colleagues [1] present convincing … Continue reading

Research Article: A Novel Role for D-Alanylation of Lipoteichoic Acid of Enterococcus faecalis in Urinary Tract Infection

Date Published: October 8, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Dominique Wobser, Liaqat Ali, Elisabeth Grohmann, Johannes Huebner, Türkan Sakinc, José A. Lemos. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0107827 Abstract Enterococci are the third most common cause of healthcare-associated infections, which include urinary tract infections, bacteremia and endocarditis. Cell-surface structures such as lipoteichoic acid (LTA) have been poorly examined … Continue reading

Research Article: Features of urinary Escherichia coli isolated from children with complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infections in Mexico

Date Published: October 4, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Víctor M. Luna-Pineda, Sara A. Ochoa, Ariadnna Cruz-Córdova, Vicenta Cázares-Domínguez, Juan P. Reyes-Grajeda, Marco A. Flores-Oropeza, José Arellano-Galindo, Rigoberto Castro-Hernández, Marcos Flores-Encarnación, Adriana Ramírez-Vargas, Héctor J. Flores-García, Leticia Moreno-Fierros, Juan Xicohtencatl-Cortes, Chitrita DebRoy. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204934 Abstract The Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez (HIMFG) is … Continue reading

Research Article: Macrophages Subvert Adaptive Immunity to Urinary Tract Infection

Date Published: July 16, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Gabriela Mora-Bau, Andrew M. Platt, Nico van Rooijen, Gwendalyn J. Randolph, Matthew L. Albert, Molly A. Ingersoll, William C Gause. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.ppat.1005044 Abstract Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections with frequent recurrence being a major medical challenge. Development of … Continue reading

Research Article: Evaluation of the Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection in Rural Panamanian Women

Date Published: October 19, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Suzanne L. August, Michael J. De Rosa, Sten H. Vermund. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0047752 Abstract Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common non-intestinal infection worldwide. In the developed world, incidence and prevalence of UTI would be similar owing to the relatively short duration of illness experienced by … Continue reading

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