pheromone | definition

substance released by an animal that can affect the physiology or behavior of other animals


Clark, M., Douglas, M., Choi, J. Biology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at:

Research Article: Insectivorous birds eavesdrop on the pheromones of their prey

Date Published: February 7, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Irene Saavedra, Luisa Amo, Michel Renou. Abstract: Chemical cues play a fundamental role in mate attraction and mate choice. Lepidopteran females, such as the winter moth (Operophtera brumata), emit pheromones to attract males in the reproductive period. However, these chemical cues could also … Continue reading

Research Article: Identification and Characterization of Pheromone Receptors and Interplay between Receptors and Pheromone Binding Proteins in the Diamondback Moth, Plutella xyllostella

Date Published: April 23, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Mengjing Sun, Yang Liu, William B. Walker, Chengcheng Liu, Kejian Lin, Shaohua Gu, Yongjun Zhang, Jingjiang Zhou, Guirong Wang, Richard David Newcomb. Abstract: Moths depend on olfactory cues such as sex pheromones to find and recognize mating partners. Pheromone receptors (PRs) and Pheromone binding … Continue reading

Research Article: The Structure, Stability and Pheromone Binding of the Male Mouse Protein Sex Pheromone Darcin

Date Published: October 3, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Marie M. Phelan, Lynn McLean, Stuart D. Armstrong, Jane L. Hurst, Robert J. Beynon, Lu-Yun Lian, Paulo Lee Ho. Abstract: Mouse urine contains highly polymorphic major urinary proteins that have multiple functions in scent communication through their abilities to bind, transport and release … Continue reading

Research Article: Conditional Deletion of ERK5 MAP Kinase in the Nervous System Impairs Pheromone Information Processing and Pheromone-Evoked Behaviors

Date Published: October 9, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Junhui Zou, Daniel R. Storm, Zhengui Xia, Allan Siegel. Abstract: ERK5 MAP kinase is highly expressed in the developing nervous system but absent in most regions of the adult brain. It has been implicated in regulating the development of the main olfactory bulb … Continue reading

Research Article: Attraction of Lutzomyia longipalpis to synthetic sex-aggregation pheromone: Effect of release rate and proximity of adjacent pheromone sources

Date Published: December 19, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Melissa J. Bell, Luigi Sedda, Mikel A. Gonzalez, Cristian F. de Souza, Erin Dilger, Reginaldo P. Brazil, Orin Courtenay, James G. C. Hamilton, Mary Ann McDowell. Abstract: In South America, the Protist parasite that causes visceral leishmaniasis, a potentially fatal human disease, is transmitted … Continue reading

Research Article: Ant Trail Pheromone Biosynthesis Is Triggered by a Neuropeptide Hormone

Date Published: November 30, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Man-Yeon Choi, Robert K. Vander Meer, Michel Renou. Abstract: Our understanding of insect chemical communication including pheromone identification, synthesis, and their role in behavior has advanced tremendously over the last half-century. However, endocrine regulation of pheromone biosynthesis has progressed slowly due to the complexity … Continue reading

Research Article: A Putative Human Pheromone, Androstadienone, Increases Cooperation between Men

Date Published: May 22, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Paavo Huoviala, Markus J. Rantala, Angela Sirigu. Abstract: Androstadienone, a component of male sweat, has been suggested to function as a human pheromone, an airborne chemical signal causing specific responses in conspecifics. In earlier studies androstadienone has been reported to increase attraction, affect subjects’ … Continue reading

Research Article: Reimagining pheromone signalling in the model nematode Caenorhabditis elegans

Date Published: November 2, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Mark Viney, Simon Harvey, Kaveh Ashrafi Abstract: None Partial Text: Caenorhabditis elegans is an important, widely used developmental and genetic model. A pheromone has long been known to cause juvenile developmental arrest in C. elegans, a phenomenon that is common among nematodes more widely. … Continue reading

Research Article: No Evidence for Ionotropic Pheromone Transduction in the Hawkmoth Manduca sexta

Date Published: November 9, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Andreas Nolte, Petra Gawalek, Sarah Koerte, HongYing Wei, Robin Schumann, Achim Werckenthin, Jürgen Krieger, Monika Stengl, Richard David Newcomb. Abstract: Insect odorant receptors (ORs) are 7-transmembrane receptors with inverse membrane topology. They associate with the conserved ion channel Orco. As chaperon, Orco maintains … Continue reading

Research Article: Pheromone Recognition and Selectivity by ComR Proteins among Streptococcus Species

Date Published: December 1, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Erin Shanker, Donald A. Morrison, Antoine Talagas, Sylvie Nessler, Michael J. Federle, Gerd Prehna, Gongyi Zhang. Abstract: Natural transformation, or competence, is an ability inherent to bacteria for the uptake of extracellular DNA. This process is central to bacterial evolution and allows for … Continue reading