Date Published: November 14, 2011
Publisher: BioMed Central
Author(s): Amir H Massoud, Aidan Ablona, Walid Mourad, Ciriaco Piccirillo, Bruce Mazer.
Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) has potent immune-modulating properties. In OVA-challenged mice, we demonstrated that IVIg markedly attenuates airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) and abrogates airways inflammation, accompanied by substantial induction of antigen-specific Foxp3+ Treg from non-Treg precursors.
Mice were sensitized (i.n.) with OVA and then received IVIg or sialic acid enriched IVIg (SA-IVIg) fragments (i.p.), and then underwent challenge (i.n.). The induction of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+Treg was determined by flow-cytometry. AHR was measured, using a flexiVent small animal ventilator. Phenotypic properties of dendritic cells (DC) from various experimental groups were assessed by flow-cytometry. Expression of DCIR on DC was evaluated by flowcytometry and ICC. Adoptive transfer of DC was carried out to show the tolerogenic activity of IVIg-primed DC.
IVIg and the SA-IVIg fraction induced Treg and abrogated AHR in OVA-challenged mice comparably. It followed by tolerogenic predisposition of DC (decrease of CD80/CD86 expression and IFN-γ production and increased level of IL-10). Adoptive transfer of DC from IVIg treated mice to OVA-challenged WT syngeneic mice has the similar anti-inflammatory activity of IVIg/SA-IVIg. Expression of DCIR (Inhibitory C-type lectin receptors) on DC of IVIg and SA-IVIg treated mice increased significantly.
IVIg induces Treg likely via conferring tolerogenic activities to DC. This mechanism is dependent on sialylated fraction of IVIg. DCIR is an inhibitory C-type lectin receptor that can be targeted by SA-IVIg and induce an inhibitory signal into the ligated cells. More dissection is required to confirming the role of DCIR in this model.