Research Article: Factors Affecting Intention among Students to Be Vaccinated against A/H1N1 Influenza: A Health Belief Model Approach

Date Published: December 20, 2011

Publisher: SAGE-Hindawi Access to Research

Author(s): Sharon Teitler-Regev, Shosh Shahrabani, Uri Benzion.


The outbreak of A/H1N1 influenza (henceforth, swine flu) in 2009 was characterized mainly by morbidity rates among young people. This study examined the factors affecting the intention to be vaccinated against the swine flu among students in Israel. Questionnaires were distributed in December 2009 among 387 students at higher-education institutions. The research questionnaire included sociodemographic characteristics and Health Belief Model principles. The results show that the factors positively affecting the intention to take the swine flu vaccine were past experience with seasonal flu shot and three HBM categories: higher levels of perceived susceptibility for catching the illness, perceived seriousness of illness, and lower levels of barriers. We conclude that offering the vaccine at workplaces may raise the intention to take the vaccine among young people in Israel.

Partial Text

On June 11, 2009, the World Health Organization issued a statement declaring that the A/H1N1 influenza virus (henceforth, the swine flu) had reached pandemic proportions [1, 2]. Around 30,000 people worldwide have died because of this virus, including 17,000 in the USA and around 90 in Israel [3, 4].

Previous studies investigating the determinants of vaccine acceptance during the 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza have focused on target groups such as healthcare workers or the general population [12, 13, 24]. The current study examines the factors affecting intention to get vaccinated against the swine flu among students in Israel, since the H1N1 pandemic influenza affected not only at-risk populations but also young people.