Date Published: December 1, 2007
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Abstract: Introducing the World AIDS Day 2007 issue, ThePLoS Medicine Editors call for continued efforts to develop definitive methods of HIV prevention.
Partial Text: World AIDS Day, the annual December 1 commemoration, first took place in 1988 under the auspices of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS . At that time few had recognized the epidemic’s impending global scope or envisaged how to provide AIDS treatment in developing countries. During the previous year, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had licensed zidovudine (AZT), the first drug shown to be effective for treating HIV. AZT, which quickly became available in North America and Europe, provided modest hope for the first time since the initial reports of AIDS in 1981. Taken as a single drug every four hours round the clock, it could prolong life by half a year or more .