Date Published: August 25, 2012
Publisher: Informa Healthcare
Author(s): Sven Young, Fletcher J Beniyasi, Boston Munthali, Leonard Banza.
An estimated 5.8 million people die of injuries each year, 32% more than the number of fatalities that result from malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV/AIDS combined (Mathers et al. 2008). Over 90% of deaths due to injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). For every patient that dies as a result of injuries, many more survive with permanent disability (Peden 2004). Although Africa has 24% of the global burden of disease, it has only 3% of health workers and commands less than 1% of world health expenditure (WHO 2006). Of the estimated 234 million major surgical operations performed in 2010, only 3.5% were performed in the poorest 35% of the world population (Weiser et al. 2008).