Date Published: February 11, 2016
Publisher: Springer US
Author(s): Gauraang Bhatnagar, Jesica Makanyanga, Balaji Ganeshan, Ashley Groves, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Steve Halligan, Stuart A. Taylor.
To investigate if texture analysis parameters of contrast-enhanced MRI differ according to the presence of histological markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis in Crohn’s disease (CD).
Seven CD patients (mean age 38 (19–75), 3 male)) undergoing ileal resection underwent 3T MR enterography including axial ultrafast spoiled gradient-echo T1 post IV gadolinium chelate. Regions of interest were placed in bowel destined for resection and registered to trans-mural histological sections (n = 28 across 7 bowel sections) via MRI of the resected specimen. Microvessel density (MVD) and staining for markers of hypoxia (HIF 1α) and angiogenesis (VEGF) were performed. Texture analysis features were derived utilizing an image filtration-histogram technique at spatial scaling factor (SSF) 0–6 mm, including mean, standard deviation, mean of positive pixels, entropy, kurtosis and skewness and compared according to the presence or absence of histological markers of hypoxia/angiogenesis using Mann–Whitney U/Kruskal–Wallis tests and with the log of MVD using simple linear regression.
Mean, standard deviation and mean of positive pixels were significantly lower in sections expressing VEGF. For example at SSF 6 mm, median (inter-quartile range) of mean, standard deviation and mean of positive pixels in those with VEGF expression were 150.1 (134.7), 132.4 (49.2) and 184.0 (91.4) vs. 362.5 (150.2), 216.3 (100.1) and 416.6 (80.0) in those without (p = 0.001, p = 0.004 and p = 0.001), respectively. There was a significant association between skewness and MVD (ratio 1.97 (1.15–3.41)) at SSF = 2 mm.
Contrast-enhanced MRI texture analysis features significantly differ according to the presence or absence of histological markers of hypoxia and angiogenesis in CD.
This study demonstrates that several parameters derived from contrast-enhanced MRTA (mean, SD, MPP and skewness) differ significantly according to the presence or absence of histological markers of angiogenesis (MVD and VEGF expression) in CD.
Contrast-enhanced MRTA features differ significantly between CD bowel exhibiting histological markers of angiogenesis compared with bowel that does not.