Date Published: March 3, 2019
Author(s): Aynishet Adane Gebremariam, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye, Yalelet Fentaw Shiferaw, Mebratu Mitiku Reta, Alem Getaneh.
Hepatitis B virus infection is one of the commonest occupational risks in healthcare workers. However; there is limited evidence regarding the prevalence of hepatitis in health professionals in Ethiopia.
This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of hepatitis B and associated factors in health professionals.
Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted among health professionals at University of Gondar Hospital from January to February, 2015. Self-administered questionnaire was used to collect sociodemographic variables and blood sample was also taken to determine hepatitis B virus sero-status. Chi square test with 95% confidence interval (CI) was computed to assess the associations of different factors with hepatitis B infection.
A total of 332 health professionals (with a response rate of 92.2%) participated in the study. Most (98.5%) of health professionals were not vaccinated for hepatitis B. The prevalence of hepatitis B in health professionals at UOG hospital was found to be 4.52% (95% CI: 2.4, 6.5). Hepatitis B infection was more common among males (P value =0.0299). Conclusion. The prevalence of hepatitis B in health professionals in this study was comparable with other studies done in Ethiopia among health professionals. Males were more affected than females for hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis B virus vaccine, treatment for the infected, and training on infection prevention should be more available for healthcare workers.
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a small double-stranded DNA virus which predominantly affects the liver. It is a global public health problem accounting for more than 300 million HBV carriers worldwide and is found to be high in the developing countries particularly in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa with a prevalence rate of 10-20%. HBV is one of the most common causes of acute and chronic liver disease .
In Ethiopia, there are only limited studies done on the seroprevalence of hepatitis B among health professionals. Hence, this study was conducted with an intention to assess the magnitude of hepatitis B and its risk factors. According to this study, the seroprevalence of hepatitis B based on HBsAg seropositivity was 4.52% (95% CI: 2.4, 6.5).
In conclusion, the prevalence of hepatitis B in health professionals in this study was comparable with other studies done in Ethiopia among health professionals and most of the health professionals who participated in this study were not vaccinated for hepatitis B. Males were more affected than females for hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis B virus vaccination, treatment for the infected, and training on infection prevention should be more available for healthcare workers