Date Published: February 14, 2018
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Author(s): Bo Quan, Aihua Jin, Seung‐Ho Yu, Seok Mun Kang, Juwon Jeong, Héctor D. Abruña, Longyi Jin, Yuanzhe Piao, Yung‐Eun Sung.
Sodium‐ion batteries (SIBs) have attracted enormous attention in recent years due to the high abundance and low cost of sodium. However, in contrast to lithium‐ion batteries, conventional graphite is unsuitable for SIB anodes because it is much more difficult to intercolate the larger Na ions into graphite layers. Therefore, it is critical to develop new anode materials for SIBs for practical use. Here, heteroatom‐doped graphene with high doping levels and disordered structures is prepared using a simple and economical thermal process. The solvothermal‐derived graphene shows excellent performance as an anode material for SIBs. It exhibits a high reversible capacity of 380 mAh g−1 after 300 cycles at 100 mA g−1, excellent rate performance 217 mAh g−1 at 3200 mA g−1, and superior cycling performance at 2.0 A g−1 during 1000 cycles with negligible capacity fade.
Reagents: DMSO (99.7%) was purchased from Acros Organics (NJ, USA). Hydrochloric acid (35%–37%), sodium metal, sodium hydroxide (NaOH, 98%), and methanol (99%) were purchased from Samchun Pure Chemical (Seoul, South Korea). Deionized water was filtered using a water purification system. Unless otherwise stated, all chemicals were used as received without further purification.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.