Date Published: July 30, 2008
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Author(s): Peter J. Hotez, David H. Molyneux
Partial Text: With more than 1 million child deaths annually, malaria remains the single leading killer of young children in sub-Saharan Africa . Millions more young children survive, but still suffer from severe anemia and permanent neurological damage , as well as more subtle neuropsychiatric disturbances including impaired cognition and memory . Malaria in pregnancy is also a major cause of maternal deaths and low birth weight , and together these maternal and child health effects account for huge economic losses that trap families in poverty . As a result, malaria is now considered one of the key forces preventing the development of the African continent . In response to a growing malaria crisis, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation recently announced an ambitious program of expanded malaria control, with a long-term goal of malaria eradication . The major elements of expanded malaria control include strengthening of prevention and treatment programs worldwide through the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the United States President’s Malaria Initiative, the World Bank Malaria Control Booster Program, scale-up of national control programs , coordination through the Roll Back Malaria Partnership based at the World Health Organization (WHO) , and advocacy by Malaria No More and other organizations .