Research Highlights: Reports of Giant Panda Attacking Humans

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Photo Credit: Skip Brown/Smithsonian’s National Zoo. https://nationalzoo.si.edu

Reports of Giant Panda Attacking Humans

September 5, 2021

  • Giant panda bred in city zoos rarely attack human.
  • Giant panda belongs in the Carnivora order and usually found in the Chinese provinces which include Gansu and Sichuan.
  • Giant panda is considered a national treasure in China.
  • Giant panda is regarded as having gentle temperament and is protected under the First-Grade State Protection Act by the Chinese Government.
  • There had been three cases of giant panda attacks on humans at the Panda House at Beijing Zoo.
  • The reports serve as a warning to people that giant pandas can have dangerous behavior.
  • On September 19, 2006, an intoxicated male tourist was attacked when he jumped into the giant panda enclosure and tried to pet it.
  • The victim’s right calf was bitten severely and was diagnosed as an open injury with skin defect.
  • The bite area was entirely irregular with many small wounds.
  • On January 7, 2009, another male tourist was attacked by a giant panda when he fell into the enclosure.
  • The victim’s left calf was bitten severely and was diagnosed as an open composited injury with skin defect.
  • On June 7, 2009, a third male tourist was attacked by giant panda when he fell into the enclosure.
  • The third victim’s left foot and right elbow joint were bitten.
  • All victims received free latissimus dorsi muscle flap to cover their skin defects.
  • Latissimus dorsi flap is one of the most commonly used flaps in reconstructive surgery.[2]
  • Dogs, bears, pigs, sharks, wolves, and monkeys are among the other animals that rarely attack humans.
  • However, the giant panda attack has not been previously reported.
  • Researchers speculated that giant pandas may attack due to being infuriated and frightened.
  • In one of the cases, the giant panda did not let go of the victim’s leg even the victim tried numerous approaches to get the panda to release his leg.
  • When the zookeeper arrived for help, the victim was able to escape from the panda’s bite.
  • Carnivora are characterized as having powerful jaws and teeth adapted for tearing flesh.
  • However, giant pandas mostly eat bamboo compared with the other species of Carnivora.
  • A study has shown that the change in giant panda’s food choices during their evolutionary process has something to do with dopamine metabolic involvement.
  • Giant panda attacks are rare in clinical work and treatment was almost the same as other animal attacks.

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Sources:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4276236

[2] https://plasticsurgerykey.com/latissimus-dorsi-flap-2

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