spinal cord | definition

  • thick fiber bundle that connects the brain with peripheral nerves
  • transmits sensory and motor information; contains neurons that control motor reflexes


Clark, M., Douglas, M., Choi, J. Biology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at: https://openstax.org/details/books/biology-2e


Research Article: Spinal Cord Injury and Migraine Headache: A Population-Based Study

Date Published: August 26, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Freda M. Warner, Jacquelyn J. Cragg, Marc G. Weisskopf, John K. Kramer, Juei-Tang Cheng. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135550 Abstract: Migraine headaches are a common neurological condition, negatively impacting health and quality of life. Among potential risk factors for migraine headache, risk of migraine headaches was elevated in … Continue reading

Research Article: Buttock tissue response to loading in men with spinal cord injury

Date Published: February 7, 2018 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Sharon Eve Sonenblum, Stephen H. Sprigle, Yih-Kuen Jan. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0191868 Abstract: Despite the fact that most people with a spinal cord injury who use a wheelchair for mobility are considered at-risk for pressure ulcer (PrU) development, there still exists a spectrum of risk amongst this … Continue reading

Research Article: A Comparative Study of Three Interneuron Types in the Rat Spinal Cord

Date Published: September 22, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Si Chen, Guangqi Yang, Yaxi Zhu, Zongwei Liu, Weiping Wang, Jiayou Wei, Keyi Li, Jiajia Wu, Zhi Chen, Youlan Li, Shuhua Mu, Lisi OuYang, Wanlong Lei, Saobo Lei. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0162969 Abstract: Interneurons are involved in the physiological function and the pathomechanism of the spinal cord. … Continue reading

Research Article: Electrophysiological and Anatomical Correlates of Spinal Cord Optical Coherence Tomography

Date Published: April 6, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Mario E. Giardini, Antonio G. Zippo, Maurizio Valente, Nikola Krstajic, Gabriele E. M. Biella, Marinko Sarunic. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0152539 Abstract: Despite the continuous improvement in medical imaging technology, visualizing the spinal cord poses severe problems due to structural or incidental causes, such as small access space … Continue reading

Research Article: Patients with Spinal Cord Injuries Favor Administration of Methylprednisolone

Date Published: January 20, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Christian A. Bowers, Bornali Kundu, Jeffrey Rosenbluth, Gregory W. J. Hawryluk, Michael G Fehlings. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145991 Abstract: Methylprednisolone sodium succinate (MPSS) for treatment of acute spinal cord injury (SCI) has been associated with both benefits and adverse events. MPSS administration was the standard of care … Continue reading

Research Article: Intestinal Microbiota in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury

Date Published: January 11, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Bilgi Gungor, Emre Adiguzel, Ihsan Gursel, Bilge Yilmaz, Mayda Gursel, Jun Sun. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0145878 Abstract: Human intestinal flora comprises thousands of bacterial species. Growth and composition of intestinal microbiota is dependent on various parameters, including immune mechanisms, dietary factors and intestinal motility. Patients with spinal … Continue reading

Research Article: Molecular Architecture of Spinal Cord Injury Protein Interaction Network

Date Published: August 4, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ali Alawieh, Mohammed Sabra, Zahraa Sabra, Stephen Tomlinson, Fadi A. Zaraket, Hatem E Sabaawy. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0135024 Abstract: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with complex pathophysiological processes that follow the primary traumatic event and determine the extent of secondary damage and functional recovery. Numerous reports … Continue reading

Research Article: Mitochondrial Reshaping Accompanies Neural Differentiation in the Developing Spinal Cord

Date Published: May 28, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Valérie Mils, Stéphanie Bosch, Julie Roy, Sophie Bel-Vialar, Pascale Belenguer, Fabienne Pituello, Marie-Christine Miquel, Francisco J. Tejedor. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0128130 Abstract: Mitochondria, long known as the cell powerhouses, also regulate redox signaling and arbitrate cell survival. The organelles are now appreciated to exert additional critical roles … Continue reading

Research Article: Serum Lipid Profile in Subjects with Traumatic Spinal Cord Injury

Date Published: February 23, 2015 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Martin Laclaustra, Elizabeth Louise Maayken Van Den Berg, Yamilée Hurtado-Roca, Juan Manuel Castellote, Norbert Weidner. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115522 Abstract: Few large studies have examined the relationship between spinal cord injury (SCI) and lipid profile. We studied serum lipid concentrations in subjects with traumatic SCI in relation … Continue reading

Research Article: Olig3 Is Not Involved in the Ventral Patterning of Spinal Cord

Date Published: October 28, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Zijing Liu, Xuemei Hu, Chengcheng Huang, Kang Zheng, Hirohide Takebayashi, Cheng Cao, Mengsheng Qiu, Brahim Nait-Oumesmar. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0111076 Abstract: At embryonic stages, Olig3 is initially expressed in the dorsal-most region of the spinal cord, but later in the ventral marginal zone as well. Previous studies … Continue reading