taste bud | definition

clusters of taste cells


Clark, M., Douglas, M., Choi, J. Biology 2e. Houston, Texas: OpenStax. Access for free at: https://openstax.org/details/books/biology-2e


Research Article: Oxytocin Signaling in Mouse Taste Buds

Date Published: August 5, 2010 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Michael S. Sinclair, Isabel Perea-Martinez, Gennady Dvoryanchikov, Masahide Yoshida, Katsuhiko Nishimori, Stephen D. Roper, Nirupa Chaudhari, Hiroaki Matsunami. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0011980 Abstract: The neuropeptide, oxytocin (OXT), acts on brain circuits to inhibit food intake. Mutant mice lacking OXT (OXT knockout) overconsume salty and sweet (i.e. sucrose, saccharin) … Continue reading

Research Article: A Physiologic Role for Serotonergic Transmission in Adult Rat Taste Buds

Date Published: November 11, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Luc Jaber, Fang-li Zhao, Tamara Kolli, Scott Herness, Hiroaki Matsunami. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0112152 Abstract: Of the multiple neurotransmitters and neuropeptides expressed in the mammalian taste bud, serotonin remains both the most studied and least understood. Serotonin is expressed in a subset of taste receptor cells that … Continue reading

Research Article: Functional Cell Types in Taste Buds Have Distinct Longevities

Date Published: January 8, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Isabel Perea-Martinez, Takatoshi Nagai, Nirupa Chaudhari, Maik Behrens. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0053399 Abstract: Taste buds are clusters of polarized sensory cells embedded in stratified oral epithelium. In adult mammals, taste buds turn over continuously and are replenished through the birth of new cells in the basal layer of … Continue reading

Research Article: Insulin-Like Growth Factors Are Expressed in the Taste System, but Do Not Maintain Adult Taste Buds

Date Published: February 22, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Bradley T. Biggs, Tao Tang, Robin F. Krimm, Maik Behrens. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0148315 Abstract: Growth factors regulate cell growth and differentiation in many tissues. In the taste system, as yet unknown growth factors are produced by neurons to maintain taste buds. A number of growth factor … Continue reading

Research Article: A2BR Adenosine Receptor Modulates Sweet Taste in Circumvallate Taste Buds

Date Published: January 10, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Shinji Kataoka, Arian Baquero, Dan Yang, Nicole Shultz, Aurelie Vandenbeuch, Katya Ravid, Sue C. Kinnamon, Thomas E. Finger, Fabien Tell. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0030032 Abstract: In response to taste stimulation, taste buds release ATP, which activates ionotropic ATP receptors (P2X2/P2X3) on taste nerves as well as metabotropic (P2Y) … Continue reading

Research Article: β-catenin is required for taste bud cell renewal and behavioral taste perception in adult mice

Date Published: August 28, 2017 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Dany Gaillard, Spencer G. Bowles, Ernesto Salcedo, Mingang Xu, Sarah E. Millar, Linda A. Barlow, Gregory P. Copenhaver Abstract: Taste stimuli are transduced by taste buds and transmitted to the brain via afferent gustatory fibers. Renewal of taste receptor cells from actively dividing progenitors … Continue reading

Research Article: Expression and Secretion of TNF-α in Mouse Taste Buds: A Novel Function of a Specific Subset of Type II Taste Cells

Date Published: August 14, 2012 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Pu Feng, Hang Zhao, Jinghua Chai, Liquan Huang, Hong Wang, Maik Behrens. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0043140 Abstract: Taste buds are chemosensory structures widely distributed on the surface of the oral cavity and larynx. Taste cells, exposed to the oral environment, face great challenges in defense against potential pathogens. … Continue reading

Research Article: The Formation of Endoderm-Derived Taste Sensory Organs Requires a Pax9-Dependent Expansion of Embryonic Taste Bud Progenitor Cells

Date Published: October 9, 2014 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Ralf Kist, Michelle Watson, Moira Crosier, Max Robinson, Jennifer Fuchs, Julia Reichelt, Heiko Peters, Claude Desplan Abstract: In mammals, taste buds develop in different regions of the oral cavity. Small epithelial protrusions form fungiform papillae on the ectoderm-derived dorsum of the tongue and contain … Continue reading

Research Article: Contribution of Underlying Connective Tissue Cells to Taste Buds in Mouse Tongue and Soft Palate

Date Published: January 7, 2016 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Kristin Boggs, Nandakumar Venkatesan, Ingmar Mederacke, Yoshihiro Komatsu, Steve Stice, Robert F. Schwabe, Charlotte M. Mistretta, Yuji Mishina, Hong-Xiang Liu, Mirella Dottori. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0146475 Abstract: Taste buds, the sensory organs for taste, have been described as arising solely from the surrounding epithelium, which is in … Continue reading

Research Article: Lgr5 Identifies Progenitor Cells Capable of Taste Bud Regeneration after Injury

Date Published: June 18, 2013 Publisher: Public Library of Science Author(s): Norifumi Takeda, Rajan Jain, Deqiang Li, Li Li, Min Min Lu, Jonathan A. Epstein, Marcello Rota. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066314 Abstract: Taste buds are composed of a variety of taste receptor cell types that develop from tongue epithelium and are regularly replenished under normal homeostatic conditions as well … Continue reading